MN Laws 2016, Chapter 186, Section 2 (beginning July 1, 2016)
For the FY 2016 and FY 2017 biennium (July 1, 2015 - June 30, 2017), approximately $46.3 million is available each year (total = $92,674,000) for funding from the Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund (ENRTF). In response to the 2016 Request for Proposal (RFP) 186 proposals requesting a total of approximately $131 million were received. Through a competitive, multi-step process, 97 of these proposals, requesting a total of $70.4 million, were chosen to present to the LCCMR and 89 of those proposals were selected to receive a recommendation for funding to the 2016 MN Legislature to collectively receive $46.3 million in funding from the ENRTF. The Legislature adopted 79 of the recommendations, including 73 without any changes and 6 at a decreased or increased dollar amount; dropped 10 of the recommendations; and added 7 new appropriations for a total of 86 appropriations. On 05/31/16, 79 of the appropriations, totaling $37,909,000, were signed into law by the Governor and 7 appropriations, totaling $8,428,000, were line-item vetoed.
NOTE: For all projects, contact us to obtain the most up-to-date work programs for current projects (project updates are required twice each year) or the final reports of completed projects.
When available, we have provided links to web sites related to the project. The sites linked to this page are not created, maintained, or endorsed by the LCCMR office or the Minnesota Legislature.
|Subd. 03 Foundational Natural Resource Data and Information|
|03a||Data-Driven Pollinator Conservation Strategies - RESEARCH|
|03b||Native Bee Surveys in Minnesota Prairie and Forest Habitats|
|03c1||Prairie Butterfly Conservation, Research, and Breeding - Phase II - RESEARCH|
|03c2||Prairie Butterfly Conservation, Research, and Breeding - Phase II - RESEARCH|
|03d||Statewide Monitoring Network for Changing Habitats in Minnesota|
|03e||Completing National Wetland Inventory Update for Minnesota|
|03f||Assessment Tool for Understanding Vegetation Growth Impacts on Groundwater Recharge|
|03g||Sentinel Lakes Monitoring and Data Synthesis - Phase III - RESEARCH|
|03h||State Spring Inventory for Resource Management and Protection - Phase II|
|03i||Enhancing Understanding of Minnesota River Aquatic Ecosystem|
|03j||Improving Brook Trout Stream Habitat through Beaver Management|
|03k||Evaluate Temperature, Streamflow, and Hydrogeology Impact on Brook Trout Habitat|
|03l||Restoration of Elk to Northeastern Minnesota|
|03m||Game and Nongame Bird Pesticide Exposure - RESEARCH|
|03n||Evaluating Insecticide Exposure Risk for Grassland Wildlife on Public Lands - RESEARCH|
|03o||Development of Innovative Cost-Saving Methodology for Forest Inventory|
|03p||Evaluation of Tree Retention Guidelines Pertaining to Wildlife|
|03q||Determine Impacts on Wildlife From Emerald Ash Borer Infection of Black Ash Forests - RESEARCH|
|Subd. 04 Water Resources|
|04a||Tracking and Preventing Harmful Algal Blooms - RESEARCH|
|04b||Assessing the Increasing Harmful Algal Blooms in Minnesota Lakes - RESEARCH|
|04c||Restoring Native Mussels in Streams and Lakes|
|04d||Assessing Techniques for Eliminating Contaminants to Protect Native Fish and Mussels - RESEARCH|
|04e||Assessing Neonicotinoid Insecticide Effects on Aquatic and Soil Communities - RESEARCH|
|04f||Bacterial Assessment of Groundwater Supplies Used for Drinking Water - RESEARCH|
|04g||Understanding Bedrock Fracture Flow to Improve Groundwater Quality|
|04h||Protection of State's Confined Drinking Water Aquifers - PhaseII - RESEARCH|
|04i||Assessment of Surface Water Quality With Satellite Sensors - RESEARCH|
|04j||Development of Innovative Sensor Technologies for Water Monitoring - RESEARCH|
|04k||Wastewater Treatment Process Improvements - RESEARCH|
|04l||Membrane-Based Process for Decentralized Drinking Water Production - RESEARCH|
|04m||Analyzing Alternative for Muncipal Wastewater Treatment|
|04n||Understanding Impacts of Salt Usage on Minnesota Lakes, Rivers, and Groundwater - RESEARCH|
|04o||Microbes for Salt and Metal Removal - RESEARCH|
|04p||Engineered Biofilter for Sulfate and Metal Removal from Mine Waters - RESEARCH|
|04q||Developing Biosponge Technology for Removal of Nitrates from Minnesota Waters - RESEARCH|
|04r||Morrison County Performance Drainage and Hydrology Management|
|04s||Agricultural and Urban Runoff Water Quality Treatment Analysis - Phase II|
|04t||Surface Water Bacterial Treatment System Pilot Project|
|04u||Assessing Effectiveness of Wetland Restorations for Improved Water Quality|
|04v||Integrating Targeted Watershed Planning Tools with Citizen Involvement - RESEARCH|
|04w||Roseau Lake Watershed Targeted Water Quality Improvement|
|Subd. 05 Environmental Education|
|05a||Minnesota Conservation Apprentice Academy|
|05b||School Forests Outdoor Classrooms|
|05c||Youth-Led Sustainability Projects in 50 Minnesota Communities - Phase III|
|05d||New Prairie Sportsman Statewide Broadcast Video Project|
|05e||Wildlife and Habitat Conservation Education for Southwest Minnesota High Schools|
|05f||Standards-Based Dakota Indian Land Stewardship Education|
|05g||Wolf Management Education in the Classroom - Phase II|
|05h||Master Water Steward Program Expansion|
|05i||Promoting Water Quality Stewardship through Student Mentoring and River Monitoring|
|Subd. 06 Aquatic and Terrestrial Invasive Species|
|06a||Minnesota Invasive Terrestrial Plants and Pests Center - Phase III - RESEARCH|
|06b||Developing Membrane Filtration System to Treat Lake Superior Ballast Water - RESEARCH|
|06c||Advancing Microbial Invasive Species Monitoring from Ballast Discharge - RESEARCH|
|06d||Biological Control of White Nose Syndrome in Bats - Phase II - RESEARCH|
|06e1||Elimination of Target Invasive Plant Species - Phase II|
|06e2||Elimination of Target Invasive Plant Species - Phase II|
|06f||Dutch Elm Disease Resistance - Phase II - RESEARCH|
|06g||Invasive Carp Management Research in Lake Nokomis Subwatershed|
|Subd. 07 Air Quality, Climate Change, and Renewable Energy|
|07a||Community Solar Garden Installation|
|07b||Waste Heat Recovery with Efficient Thermoelectric Energy Generators - RESEARCH|
|07c||Hydrogen Fuel from Wind-Produced Renewable Ammonia - RESEARCH|
|07d||Utilization of Dairy Farm Wastewater for Sustainable Production|
|07e||Solar Energy Utilization for Minnesota Swine Farms - Phase II|
|Subd. 08 Methods to Protect, Restore, and Enhance Land, Water, and Habitat|
|08a||Bee Pollinator Habitat Enhancement - Phase II|
|08b||Measuring Pollen and Seed Dispersal for Prairie Fragment Connectivity - RESEARCH|
|08c||Establishment of Permanent Habitat Strips Within Row Crops|
|08d||Evaluate Prescribed Burning Techniques to Improve Habitat Management for Brushland Species - RESEARCH|
|08e||Controlling Reed Canary Grass to Regenerate Floodplain Forest - RESEARCH|
|08f||Forest Management for Mississippi River Drinking Water Protection|
|08g||Upland, Wetland, and Shoreline Restoration in Greater Metropolitan Area|
|08h||Bluffland Restoration and Monitoring in Winona|
|08i||Champlin Mill Pond Shoreland Restoration|
|Subd. 09 Land Acquisition, Habitat and Recreation|
|09a||Scientific and Natural Area Acquisition and Restoration|
|09b||Minnesota Point Pine Forest Scientific and Natural Area Acquisition|
|09c||Conservation Easements in the Avon Hills - Phase III|
|09d||Lincoln Pipestone Rural Water System Acquisition for Wellhead Protection|
|09e||Mesabi Trail Segment from Highway 135 to Town of Embarrass|
|09f||Tower Historic Harbor Trail Connections|
|09g||Otter Tail River Recreational Trail Acquisition|
|Subd. 10 Administration|
|10a||Contract Agreement Reimbursement|
|10b||Grants Management System|
U of MN
1980 Folwell Ave
Falcon Heights,MN 55108
$520,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the Board of Regents of the University of Minnesota to improve understanding of the relationships and interactions between native bee pollinators and rare and declining plant species and to determine optimal placement and species plantings for pollinator habitat in order to develop guidelines for planning, designing, and planting pollinator habitat. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
500 Lafayette Rd
St. Paul, MN 55155
$600,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the commissioner of natural resources to continue to assess the current status and distribution of native bee pollinators in Minnesota by expanding surveys into the prairie-forest border region and facilitating interagency collaboration and public outreach on pollinators. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
Wild bees provide vital ecosystems services including pollination, thus working to sustain resilient ecosystem functioning. Without baseline information about the diversity and distribution of bees in Minnesota, we lack the ability to provide efficient and effective conservation actions to protect bees and their habitats. We addressed these knowledge gaps by surveying natural areas in the Prairie Parkland, Tallgrass Aspen Parklands, and Eastern Broadleaf Forest ecological provinces. Since 2016, we surveyed bees using bowl traps at 70 sites and hand netting bees from flowers at 93 sites across 38 counties. Bowl trap methods were used to survey bees every three weeks during the season, for a total of up to eight survey rounds each year. These survey efforts resulted in nearly 23,000 bee specimens collected across the two methods. Several new state records were added to the list for a total of 470 species, up from 432 at the beginning of the project. Our survey efforts have yielded countless county-level records for many species, thus gaining valuable knowledge about the distribution of bees in Minnesota. These specimens are continually being accessioned into the permanent repository at the University of Minnesota Insect Collection. Additionally, we trained a total of 35 individuals during partnered workshops held in collaboration between the MNDNR and the U of M Bee Lab to identify wild bees of Minnesota. Staff also participated in countless outreach events, promoting bees and other pollinators to Minnesotans.PROJECT RESULTS USE AND DISSEMINATION
We have conducted countless outreach presentations to the public about bees in Minnesota. Likewise, we continue to update and maintain the various MNDNR pollinator-related websites. Specifically related to an update on the wild bee survey, we created a short two-page handout that summarizes the findings to date. These outreach and education efforts have provided easily-accessible information and facilitated communication concerning Minnesota’s pollinators amongst researchers.
Subd. 03c1 - $421,000 TF
Minnesota Zoological Garden
13000 Zoo Blvd
Apple Valley, MN 55124
Subd. 03c2 - $329,000 TF
500 Lafayette Rd
St. Paul, MN 55155
$750,000 the second year is from the trust fund. Of this amount, $421,000 is to the Minnesota Zoological Garden and $329,000 is to the commissioner of natural resources in collaboration with the United States Fish and Wildlife Service to continue efforts to prevent the extinction of imperiled native Minnesota butterfly species through breeding, research, field surveys, and potential reintroduction. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
500 Lafayette Rd, Box 25
St. Paul, MN 55155
$500,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the commissioner of natural resources to develop a consolidated statewide network of permanent habitat monitoring sites in prairies, forests, and wetlands to help guide and prioritize habitat protection and management decisions in response to environmental change. The design and testing methodologies of monitoring plots must address the status of pollinators and pollination. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
This project developed a network for monitoring change in the condition of prairies, forests, and wetlands across Minnesota to inform land protection and management in the face of rapid environmental change. The first activity was the development of long-term monitoring plots for the newly established Ecological Monitoring Network (EMN). We established 125 permanently marked plots on public and private lands, and collected data on native vegetation, soils, and other aspects of the environment. To address pollinators in monitoring plots, bee specialists visited six plots and hand-netted over 75 bees. The 125 plots represented a broad spectrum of quality. We recorded 885 vascular plant species, which represents 44% of the total number of species in Minnesota. The plot with the highest diversity was a tamarack swamp with 112 species. Over half (52%) of the plots contained at least one non-native plant species. Upland and wetland prairies were the plant communities with the most non-native species. In future years, we plan to install another 475 plots, and then to resample all plots every 6 years. Data analyses will include summaries of how native prairies, forests, and wetlands change over time, and how those changes are related to habitat patch size, past management, and other factors.
This project also included historic vegetation sampling to measure past changes in native vegetation by using relevé vegetation plots originally sampled 20-40 years ago. We sampled 80 relevés in prairies and forests in State Parks and Scientific and Natural Areas in east-central Minnesota, and sampled the first eight of 80 relevés to be sampled in 2019 on the North Shore of Lake Superior. We began analyses of the 80 relevé plots from southeastern and east-central Minnesota. Results indicate that we can detect significant changes in vegetation using the relevé resampling technique. For example, we found that prairies that have had fire management had fewer non-native invasive species, less cover by vines, and higher native species diversity than those that have not had fire management. However, we did detect increasing frequency of non-native invasive species such as smooth brome and common buckthorn, as well as increasing frequency of native vines, over time on all plots. Further analyses will be completed and the results disseminated in 2020.PROJECT RESULTS USE AND DISSEMINATION
A web page for this project was created and can be accessed here: https://www.dnr.state.mn.us/mbs/ecologicalmonitoring/index.html. The project goals, objectives, most recent brochure, and field methods, including a link to the Standard Operating Procedures (DNR Biological Report Number 121), can be found on this web site.
Reports summarizing data collected in each plot were sent to the respective landowner or land manager for that plot following each field season.
Email updates regarding the project’s progress were shared with DNR Oversight and Project Teams following 2017 and 2018 field seasons.
PowerPoint presentations were developed and presented at a number of venues, including the Minnesota Biological Survey annual meeting, the Minnesota Native Plant Society, The Nature Conservancy, and the University of Minnesota’s Conservation Science Symposium.
500 Lafayette Rd
St. Paul, MN 55155
$1,500,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the commissioner of natural resources to complete the update and enhancement of wetland inventory maps for counties in central and northwestern Minnesota. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
Gene-Hua Ng (Crystal)
U of MN
310 Pillsbury Dr SE
Minneapolis, MN 55455
$212,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the Board of Regents of the University of Minnesota to develop a statewide assessment tool to help understand the relationship between vegetation growth and impacts on groundwater recharge under changing land use and climate. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
500 Lafayette Rd
St. Paul, MN 556601
$401,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the commissioner of natural resources for the third and final phase of a monitoring and multidisciplinary research effort on 25 sentinel lakes in Minnesota, which will integrate and synthesize previously collected data to enhance understanding of how lakes respond to large-scale environmental stressors and provide for improved ability to predict and respond to lake changes for water and fisheries management. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
We are grateful for the ENRTF’s support, which has been instrumental for the development and success of the Sentinel Lakes Program. DNR and PCA have ensured the continuation of the program including DNR fisheries support for 3 permanent Sentinel Lakes staff positions who will direct program activities and lead remote monitoring and pelagic and juvenile fish sampling, area fisheries staff and IBI Program support through continued fish sampling and remote monitoring and PCA and EWR support through continued water quality, zooplankton, macroinvertebrate and aquatic plant collection and analysis. These monitoring activities will foster the continuation of the long-term monitoring framework and help collaborators utilize the existing framework to investigate specific questions.
Phase 3 of the Sentinel Lakes Long-Term Monitoring Program comprised a wide variety of data management, monitoring and research activities on the 25 Sentinel Lakes. During 2016-2019, Highlights include:
We have prioritized the dissemination of Sentinel Lakes data and information over the last 3 years which has resulted in an updated public website (https://www.dnr.state.mn.us/fisheries/slice/index.html), data sharing with numerous collaborators, 30+ presentations, public media coverage, and research proposals and funded projects with collaborators. Specifics are provided in the date specific updates with highlights below.
The updated Sentinel Lakes section of the DNR website includes new information and a smart phone friendly design. In addition to the program description and contacts list we have also included detailed lake descriptions, methodology, and updated research project descriptions.
The Sentinel Lakes datasets have been gathered, assembled, standardized, undergone QA/QC, and metadata have been created for each dataset with all data and metadata available upon request. We are working with MNiT staff to ensure compatibility with existing DNR database architecture, branding and ADA requirements. Details located under Activity 1 Outcome 1.
We have fostered a data sharing philosophy that has encouraged outside researchers to request Sentinel Lakes data. Now that data are reviewed for QA/QC and metadata have been created, data requests can be filled quickly and are complemented by trophic level specific metadata. As noted, data sharing is an important part of the Sentinel Lakes Program and one that we will continue to promote. In the past 3 years we have shared data with collaborators who include: Universities (University of Minnesota Twin Cities, University of Minnesota Duluth and Large Lakes Observatory, Bemidji State University, University of North Carolina, Kalamazoo College), Federal scientists (Environmental Protection Agency, USGS, USFWS, NPS), Tribal Biologists (1834 Treaty Authority, Lac du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians, Red Lake Department of Natural Resources), state agencies (Wisconsin DNR, MN PCA, and MN DNR) and private industry (TetraTech).
Data sharing has resulted in numerous submitted research proposals including several funded grants and projects including $46,500 from Midwest Glacial Lakes Fish Habitat Partnership to support dissolved oxygen monitoring, 2 funded Sport Fish Restoration projects lead by DNR, and LCCMR support for Kathryn Schreiner (UMD and Large Lakes Observatory) and colleagues for the project “A Survey of Microplastics in Minnesota’s Inland Aquatic Food Webs”.
We have given 30+ presentations to groups like The Association for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography; Midwest Fish and Wildlife Conference; Annual Meeting of the Minnesota Chapter of the American Fisheries Society; Bemidji State University; the Fish and Wildlife Division’s Climate and Renewable Energy Steering Team; Section, Region, and Unit specific DNR meetings; Interagency research meeting with the Minnesota Department of Agriculture; Board of Water and Soil Resources; Minnesota Pollution Control Agency; University of Minnesota; the St. Croix Watershed Research Station; and the Department of Natural Resources. Also several webinars were given to EPA’s regional lake monitoring network and we presented and instructed participants at the Remote Sensing Workshop.
Several public media outlets have featured Sentinel Lakes stories including Minnesota Public Radio, The Star Tribune, The Echo Press, and the Outdoor News.
Manuscript “Stable isotopes indicate that zebra mussels increase dependence of lake food webs on littoral energy sources” by Brian Herwig and colleagues was published in 2018 in the journal of Freshwater Biology documenting energy flow change pre and post zebra mussels infestation in Lake Carlos.
The Second Sentinel Lakes Summit brought 70 collaborators from DNR, PCA, university faculty and federal researchers together to learn, discuss, and advance the science related to long term monitoring and changes in Minnesota lakes.
500 Lafayette Rd
St. Paul, MN 55155
$370,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the commissioner of natural resources to continue a systematic inventory of springs statewide to provide fundamental data needed to maintain spring flows and protect groundwater-dependent resources. Increased outreach to the public and other entities must be conducted to assist in the identification, documentation, and publication of spring locations. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
OVERALL PROJECT OUTCOME AND RESULTS
Springs are natural points of groundwater discharge. Springs provide flow for:
Sustainable management of natural resources requires easily accessible location and feature characteristics data. Natural resources cannot be managed and conserved if we don’t know where they are.
A permanent, web accessible map and comprehensive, easy to use database (Minnesota Spring Inventory, or MSI) was finalized and populated with spring locations and associated information that had been assembled through previous projects. The Minnesota Spring Inventory currently holds approximately 6,900 features including a combination of field verified and likely, but non-verified locations. Field work during this funding period included most of the state with much of the activity focused on the greater Twin Cities area, east central (St. Croix River valley), and western Minnesota (Minnesota River valley) for a total of 900 locations. Approximately 600 additional locations were added to the inventory through file searches, and an additional 200 likely locations were added through online citizen submittals with a DNR-created application.
Approximately 30 percent of the locations entered into the inventory during this funding period were seeps (groundwater flow rates less than a gallon per minute -- gpm). The remaining 70 percent of the locations were springs with flow rates as high as 100 gpm. Approximately 20 percent of the springs had flow rates of 10 gpm or greater. These higher flow locations were found in every portion of the state that was surveyed during this project.
These data can be accessed through the following link:https://www.dnr.state.mn.us/waters/groundwater_section/springs/msi.html. Data can be downloaded from the Minnesota Geospatial Commons: https://gisdata.mn.gov/dataset/env-mn-springs-inventory.PROJECT RESULTS USE AND DISSEMINATION
In March 2018, the Minnesota Spring Inventory web page went live: https://www.dnr.state.mn.us/waters/groundwater_section/springs/msi.html. The webpage has an online, interactive map that allows users to quickly find information about springs throughout the state. The webpage also provides a link to a reporting app that can be used by citizens on a desktop or mobile devise to provide location and basic spring characteristic information. DNR staff evaluate these submittals for possible inclusion into the spring inventory. Background information about the project and springs are also available through the web page.
During this funding period the project was promoted (dissemination) through at least 28 formal documented outreach activities by 4 members of the spring inventory team including 17 presentations, 6 interviews and articles through media organizations, and 5 articles for science organizations. Numerous informal contacts have been made by team members and others.
20596 Hwy 7
Hutchinson, MN 55350
|Phone:||(320) 234-2550 x236|
$500,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the commissioner of natural resources to accelerate collection of baseline data to enhance understanding of the Minnesota River ecosystem, measure future impacts of changing climate and landscapes on the aquatic ecosystem, and guide future management efforts. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
Bemidji State University
218A Sattgast Hall
Bemidji, MN 56601
$225,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the Board of Trustees of the Minnesota State Colleges and Universities system for Bemidji State University to quantify how beaver activity influences habitat quality in streams for brook trout in northeastern Minnesota in order to improve current and future management practices. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
In Minnesota, beaver Castor canadensis are considered to have an overall negative effect on native brook trout Salvelinus fontinalis. Brook trout provide a valued and productive sport fishery to the North Shore streams of Lake Superior and since revival of the beaver population from past trapping and timber harvest, a reexamination of the complex ecological relationship where the two taxa interact is imperative.
Brook trout habitat data collection occurred on 79 stream sections and 21 beaver ponds spanning the North Shore during summers 2017 and 2018. Results indicated that there was no effect of beaver on brook trout habitat in sections downstream of beaver ponds. Brook trout habitat was dependent on microhabitat variables (depth, velocity, temperature) that are eminent in individual stream sites and growth was limited by velocity and prey availability. Results also indicated that 12 of the 21 beaver pond sites sampled contained suitable brook trout habitat, with dissolved oxygen identified as a threshold.
Since 1948, the beaver population has increased approximately 3-fold along the North Shore. Populations appear to have stabilized in the 1990s, and have remained at a similar size since that time. There is some variation in population trends among sub-watersheds, suggesting that local population and habitat characteristics are driving beaver population dynamics. Current population levels demonstrate that beavers have largely recovered from overharvest that occurred up through approximately 1900.
A focus on individual stream characteristics and beaver pond dissolved oxygen concentrations is recommended to achieve desired brook trout habitat and aid in the development of management strategies pertaining to these two taxa in North Shore, Lake Superior streams.PROJECT RESULTS USE AND DISSEMINATION
Results from our work include a widely read review about beaver-trout interactions in the Western Great Lakes, a paper which has already generated significant conversations in the fisheries management world. Two MS theses were completed and will be made available through Bemidji State University and the University of Minnesota – Duluth libraries. Several other papers will soon be published in the peer-reviewed scientific literature that will highlight our research findings on 1) the effects of beaver activities on brook trout habitat, 2) population dynamics of beavers in northern Minnesota, and 3) historical changes in beaver ponds and dams in the Lake Superior Watershed of Minnesota.
Overall, we digitized and geo-recitified over 1,200 historical photos, which will be stored on servers at the University of Minnesota Borchart Map Library for others to use going forward. We will also be making all of our GIS layers derived from aerial photo interpretation publicly available through Minnesota’s Geospatial Commons (https://gisdata.mn.gov/).
Finally results from the study were presented at numerous state, regional, national, and international meetings including but not limited to:
Minnesota Department of Health
625 Robert Street North
St. Paul, MN 55164
$115,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the Board of Regents of the University of Minnesota for the Minnesota Geological Survey to evaluate links between southeastern Minnesota stream temperatures, trout habitat, and bedrock hydrogeology to improve trout stream management. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
The recent discovery of resurgent brook trout populations in southeastern Minnesota streams has led to increased interest in documenting and improving critical habitat for this native species. Distributed Temperature Sensing (DTS) technology using fiber optic cables, combined with detailed mapping of geologic conditions and hydraulic head were used to identify areas of preferential base flow at three southeastern Minnesota trout streams— East Indian Creek in Wabasha County, Trout Brook in Dakota County, and Valley Creek in Washington County. Results were compared to fish inventories conducted by the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources to evaluate influence of focused groundwater input on brook trout distribution and abundance. Continuous stream temperature measurements along one meter segments over distances up to 1900 meters were taken in winter when air and groundwater temperatures are most different. Transition from mixed populations of brown and brook trout to predominantly brook trout corresponded specific stream reaches showing preferential base flow inputs from groundwater.
At the regional scale, artesian conditions were compared to bedrock geology and brook trout abundance to locate areas where brook trout, including remnant brook trout, may be most successfully established. Brook trout are found in almost exclusively in streams where the Oneota Dolomite and underlying bedrock units are uppermost bedrock. Streams in these settings have springs characterized by relatively constant temperatures, and are supplied by groundwater in generally poor connection to the land surface compared to near-surface aquifers. As such, they have relatively low susceptibility to high turbidity and contaminant pulses resulting from extreme storm events. At both regional and local cases our work (see attached) demonstrates to natural resource managers the direct geologic control on hydraulic head conditions – particularly on vertical head gradients between bedrock layers and the role they play both in stream base flow and brook trout distribution and abundance.PROJECT RESULTS USE AND DISSEMINATION
The attached report is currently being revised for release as an Open-File Report available publically via the University of Minnesota’s Digital Conservancy (https://conservancy.umn.edu/), and for peer-reviewed journal submittal. As a project that includes a hybrid of disciplines, it is expected that results will be presented at meetings with both groundwater and natural resource management focus. To date, the results have been presented to a group of local residents and landowners from East Indian Creek in Wabasha County, organized by Jen Wahls, Landuse Outreach Coordinator for Wabasha County SWCD and by Nick Budde, student scholarship recipient at the Minnesota Groundwater Association Spring 2018 Conference (also attached).
U of MN
2003 Upper Buford Cir, 135 Skok Hall
St. Paul, MN 55108
$300,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the Board of Regents of the University of Minnesota in cooperation with the Fond du Lac Band and Rocky Mountain Elk Foundation to determine the habitat suitability and levels of public support for restoring elk to northeastern Minnesota. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
Elk historically occupied most of Minnesota prior to the early 1900s, but now only 3 small groups occur in northwestern Minnesota. These groups are managed at low levels to reduce human-elk conflict. Forested areas of the state could avoid some conflict and see ecological and economic benefits from returning elk to the landscape. Evidence from other states indicates elk restoration can be successful, but success is dependent on forest management and public support for elk by local communities. This study examined the feasibility of restoring elk to 3 study areas in northeastern Minnesota. It provides information that will be useful for determining where elk restoration will be successful, should it occur, including information about social acceptance and habitat suitability. It resulted in 2 reports (McCann et al. 2019 and Walberg et al. 2019).
To assess landowner and local resident attitudes toward restoring elk to northeastern Minnesota, we surveyed 4,500 private landowners and 4,000 local residents. Eighty percent of landowners and 81% of local residents within the study areas strongly supported restoring elk to northeastern Minnesota. Landowner support for restoration was highest on the Cloquet Valley study area and lowest on the Fond du Lac study area. Local resident support was highest in southern St. Louis County, followed by Duluth, northern Pine County, and Carlton County.
To evaluate elk habitat suitability and to provide additional assessment of social support for restoring elk to northeastern Minnesota, we measured elk forage in the field and utilized GIS data to map habitat and social suitability. Our results show that habitat suitability and landowner support are not limiting factors for restoring elk to northeastern Minnesota. We sampled 186 field plots and found that mean summer forage at field plots exceeded amounts elk prefer and winter forage matched amounts where elk occur in Wisconsin. Estimates of how many elk are likely to be supported (5 to 8 elk/6 mi2) were similar to elk densities in Wisconsin and Michigan. Estimates of biological carrying capacity ranged from 287 on the Fond du Lac study area to 551 elk on the Cloquet Valley study area. Each of the 3 study areas: (1) had large amounts of habitat with suitability scores similar to where elk occur in Wisconsin; (2) a majority of land in public ownership; and (3) and relatively low human-elk conflict risk. Considering factors we assessed to be equally important did not result in statistically different study area rankings (on average, all 3 study areas were about the same) but some study areas ranked better than others when we weighted factors (considered some factor to be more important than others).PROJECT RESULTS USE AND DISSEMINATION
Schrage delivered 16 presentations about this project to multiple groups, including: Rocky Mountain Elk Foundation banquets in Duluth and Prior Lake, the Minnesota Sharp-tailed Grouse Society in Hinckley, the Winton Historical Society, staff from the MNDNR’s Northwest Region, the Minnesota Soil and Water Conservation District Forestry Association, the Breckinridge Chapter of the Izaak Walton League, Rocky Mountain Elk Foundation members in the Twin Cities, the Moose Lake Covenant Church Outdoor Expo, the annual meeting of the Minnesota Division of the Izaak Walton League, the Minnesota Forest Resources Partnership, St. Louis County Leaseholders, Northwoods Audubon, MNDNR Region 2 Assistant Wildlife Managers, a joint meeting of Minnesota Forest Industries and MNDNR Forestry, and at a meeting of the St. Louis County Committee of the Whole. McCann and PhD student Eric Walberg delivered presentations about the project at the joint meeting of the State Chapters of The Wildlife Society and Society of American Foresters in Duluth, MN. Fulton and McCann delivered presentations about the project at the Western Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies’ Biennial Deer & Elk Workshop in Marfa, TX. This project was featured in the Duluth News Tribune, Pioneer Press, Brainerd Dispatch, the Minnesota Deer Hunters Association publication of “Whitetales”, and Outdoor News. Educational displays about elk and this project were set up and staffed by tribal, Rocky Mountain Elk Foundation, University of Minnesota, and volunteer staff at the Carlton County and Minnesota State Fairs. Additionally, Schrage and other tribal personnel staffed booths that highlighted this project at the Minnesota State Fair and a second at the Cloquet Forestry Center’s 50th anniversary celebration of their Conservation Education Day event, and Schrage and McCann ran an informational booth for the project at the Outdoor News Deer and Turkey Classic show. We held multiple project meetings that included MNDNR staff. We developed an internet presence, including a website (http://elk.umn.edu) and Facebook page (https://www.facebook.com/NE.MN.elk).
U of MN
1920 Fitch Ave
St. Paul, MN 55108
$349,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the Board of Regents of the University of Minnesota to evaluate the potential risk to game and nongame birds from exposure to neonicotinoid-treated agricultural seeds. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
Neonicotinoids are the most widely used pesticides worldwide and are commonly applied as a seed treatment to corn, soybean, and wheat seeds, which compromise the majority of Minnesota’s row crops. Previous risk assessments have suggested that wild birds may be exposed to large doses of neonicotinoids through the ingestion of treated seeds. Using chickens as a model species, we evaluated the impacts of oral neonicotinoid exposure on the immune and neurological systems. We also assessed availability of treated seeds to wild birds on the agricultural landscape and analyzed grouse carcasses for residues of exposure. Accomplishments:
The results of this project indicate that seed-eating birds in the wild may be exposed to seeds treated with neonicotinoids in the agricultural landscape through eating at seed spills. Ingestion of neonicotinoid-treated seeds by birds can produce neurological abnormalities that may impair survivability. Exposure can be evaluated through detection of pesticide residues in carcasses, as well as fecal pellets and blood cells. The results of this study may be used by the agricultural industry to reduce impacts to wild birds through education and process change (reduce spillage), as well as state and federal governmental agencies reviewing appropriate and safe usage of these pesticides.PROJECT RESULTS USE AND DISSEMINATION
Results of this project have been communicated to a large audience of stakeholders, including directly with industry colleagues through meetings with agricultural stakeholders; with federal and state agencies through public commentary response as well as requested webinars, presentations and conversations; and with the scientific community through publications (1 paper published, 1 submitted and 4 pending), conference presentations (4) and scientific posters (2). Details of all communications are provided in the final report. The results of our work show that wild birds are at risk of exposure to agricultural seeds treated with neonicotinoids and that ingestion of field-realistic doses causes significant behavior changes in chickens that were severe at higher doses and may impair survival of free-living gallinaceous birds. The adoption of practices that would reduce seed spills on the agricultural landscape would reduce the exposure risk to wild birds.
35365 800th Ave
Madelia, MN 56062
$250,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the commissioner of natural resources to evaluate exposure risks of grassland wildlife to soybean aphid insecticides, to guide grassland management in farmland regions of Minnesota for the protection of birds, beneficial insects, and other grassland wildlife. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
Concerns about the impact of insecticides on birds, pollinators, and other wildlife are gaining increasing attention. Chlorpyrifos, lambda-cyhalothrin, and bifenthrin (hereafter, target chemicals) are three insecticides commonly used to control soybean aphids in Minnesota’s farmland region. Lab studies have shown these chemicals to be highly toxic to non-target organisms including several bird and beneficial insect species, but few studies have investigated exposure of free-ranging wildlife to these chemicals. During 2017 and 2018, we collected samples from public grasslands across southwest, west central, and central Minnesota to determine direct and indirect exposure of wildlife to target chemicals, and indirect effects of the chemicals on insect prey important in the diets of grassland birds. We detected target chemicals at all distances examined (0-400 m from grassland edge) at both treatment and control sites, suggesting that some baseline amount of spray drift occurred in the environment regardless of landowner activities in the adjacent crop field. We also examined the importance of weather, vegetation, and other factors in explaining direct and indirect exposure. Notably, we found insecticide deposition directly onto passive sampling devices (used to measure direct exposure) was greater at the field edge than grassland interior, and deposition was also greater at mid-canopy than ground level. We also detected chemical residues on invertebrates (used to measure the potential for indirect exposure of insectivorous wildlife to these insecticides) but we did not find a strong relationship with distance from edge, possibly because we only evaluated indirect exposure ≤25 m from the field edge. We are currently evaluating the indirect effects of spray drift on invertebrate richness, diversity, and biomass. This fall, we will further interpret our findings to understand potential impacts (e.g., sublethal, lethal) of spray drift on various species of grassland wildlife. We will also begin more broadly sharing our findings with multiple constituent groups, including cooperating landowners, agricultural groups, and natural resource professionals. Ultimately, our research on the factors influencing soybean aphid insecticide deposition in grasslands in the agricultural matrix of Minnesota will help improve management of these set-aside habitats for wildlife.PROJECT RESULTS USE AND DISSEMINATION
To date, we have presented our preliminary results at wildlife professional society conferences, DNR regional wildlife meetings, LCCMR/University of Minnesota (UM) pollinator and partner project meetings, graduate student symposia, and a webinar focused on prairie habitat conservation issues. We have also prepared annual progress reports for DNR and the USGS/Minnesota Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit. Finally, we have mentioned the study during several media interviews when appropriate. The final results of this research will form the main chapters of a Master’s thesis for a graduate student at UM, and the thesis is expected to be completed during fall 2019 as part of her graduation requirements. These thesis chapters will be used to create peer-reviewed publications that will be shared with other scientists and natural resource professionals. We will continue to disseminate our results with DNR wildlife managers and other staff so they can incorporate our findings into their habitat acquisition, restoration, and management activities. We will also share our findings with our private landowner cooperators and the larger agricultural community to bring awareness to the issue of and factors influencing soybean aphid insecticide drift onto grasslands and other set-aside habitats.
483 Peterson Rd
Grand Rapids, MN 55744
$800,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the commissioner of natural resources to develop and pilot a new and more cost-effective methodology for an enhanced stand-based forest inventory, with the goal of extending the methodology statewide. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
Comprehensive forest inventory systems are a universal desire, but the costs of maintaining such a system with boots on the ground, especially considering Minnesota’s extensive and diverse forest land base, continue to be a challenge. This project served as an important pilot to explore the accuracies achieved and cost savings gained with changing the way forest inventory is conducted. Two field sampling methods were tested in this project in over 300 plots, measuring over 9,000 trees: fixed radius plots placed in a gridded array (pre-stratification) and random plots placed proportionately within strata (post-stratification). Model results show that a gridded allocation performs better and has greater flexibility to reduce/expand the number of plots without risking model performance. Several forest inventory models (combined forest types, broadleaf only, and conifer only) were evaluated using numerous spatial predictors and two sources of LiDAR data: new high density and old low density. Model results show higher accuracies for conifers compared to broadleaf for both sources of LiDAR, and the combined models showed high density LiDAR performs much better. Another area of exploration was mapping cover types, since this is a crucial characteristic of a forest stand. The suite of remotely sensed data used and machine learning techniques applied have enabled cover type mapping with relatively good accuracy. The forest inventory and cover type mapping results in this project are incredibly encouraging and the methods developed are ready for statewide application once high density LiDAR data are available. Overall, the project results show that using remotely sensed data can cut inventory costs by about 55%, enables the analysis of this valuable information across all lands, makes data available much faster than traditional methods, and ultimately benefits the many agencies, organizations, and stakeholder groups who are hungry for an affordable change to how forest inventory is conducted.PROJECT RESULTS USE AND DISSEMINATION
Analyses of the newly acquired high density LiDAR has resulted in several forest inventory metrics and cover type models created, utilizing more than 300 newly acquired field forest inventory plots with over 9,000 trees measured. All of the LiDAR and derived products will be provided free to the public and will be hosted as LiDAR point cloud files on an ftp server with other state LiDAR data holdings, as well as several web mapping services produced by the MNDNR and accessible via the Minnesota Geospatial Data Commons (https://gisdata.mn.gov/). The project team from DNR Resource Assessment has already and will continue to deliver the results of this project in a number of other ways, including presentations at regional and national conferences in the fields of forestry, geographic information systems, and remote sensing, meetings and conference calls to share information directly with stakeholder groups, as well as the eventual submission of peer-reviewed manuscripts to scientific journals. In addition, DNR Resource Assessment has created a webpage that will be a central repository for all of the methods, reports, and links to access data.
Gerald Niemi & Alexis Grinde
U of MN - NRRI
5013 Miller Trunk Hwy
Duluth, MN 55811
$232,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the Board of Regents of the University of Minnesota for the Natural Resources Research Institute in Duluth to assess the effectiveness of the Minnesota Forest Resources Council tree retention guidelines in sustaining Minnesota's wildlife populations, by quantifying and evaluating the impacts on birds, small mammals, and amphibian diversity. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
Forest management is increasingly focused on maintaining ecological functions, including maintenance of biodiversity and wildlife habitat. In 1998, the Minnesota Forest Resources Council (MFRC) established Minnesota’s Forest Management Guidelines, which were intended to reduce the potential for negative environmental impacts resulting from forest harvesting. The current guidelines recommend that 6-12 trees per acre or 5 percent of the harvest area in 0.25 acre clumps or greater be retained (left uncut) for wildlife and biodiversity benefits. The spatial arrangement of retained trees influence habitat suitability for wildlife species, but there is a lack of information on what configuration of tree retention will maximize wildlife benefits. To examine and quantify the benefits of tree retention after logging on Minnesota’s wildlife, we measured breeding bird and small mammal diversity by conducting systematic surveys at four experimental study areas and 69 sites that had been harvested between three and 15 years previously. We then quantified the habitat characteristics including tree retention density and configuration at harvest sites. Our results showed there is a positive relationship between tree retention and wildlife diversity. The clumped configuration was most beneficial for small mammal communities. Stands with clumped tree retention also maintained bird diversity over time and significantly increased the relative abundance of several breeding bird species. Overall, the results indicated that the current MFRC guidelines are beneficial for wildlife and increase the diversity and total abundance of bird and small mammal species that use forest stands post-harvest. We recommend that the MFRC continue to promote clumped tree retention, or the use of a combination of clumped and scattered retention, to mitigate harvest-related impacts to Minnesota’s wildlife. The results of this project add to the scientific basis for MFRC’s forest management guidelines and provide support for sustainable management of Minnesota’s forest resources.
PROJECT RESULTS USE AND DISSEMINATION
The results of this project have been presented at a variety of workshops and conferences:
U of MN - NRRI
5013 Miller Trunk Hwy
Duluth, MN 55811
$334,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the Board of Regents of the University of Minnesota for the Natural Resources Research Institute in Duluth to assess impacts of emerald ash borer and adaptive management on wildlife diversity in black ash forests and to develop recommendations to mitigate wildlife impacts. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
Black ash wetlands cover over one million acres of northern Minnesota forests and provide critical habitat for wildlife. The future of Minnesota’s black ash swamps is critically threatened by EAB, which has been eliminating native populations of ash throughout the Great Lakes Region. Although EAB impacts to wildlife are certain, the magnitude and relative degree of impact to individual species and species diversity is unclear. To quantify the impacts of EAB on wildlife we measured seasonal bird, mammal, and herptile diversity in black ash stands across Minnesota. We established 29 long-term monitoring plots and developed protocols for measuring the current status of wildlife communities and also used eight experimental research sites that simulated EAB mortality and adaptive management strategies for EAB (clearcutting and group selection harvests) to assess the impacts of EAB on wildlife communities. Our results show that black ash stands are structurally and compositionally more diverse than paired upland and emergent habitats, providing a variety of microhabitats that support a large and unique assemblage of birds and amphibians. The loss of black ash due to EAB will result in turnover of bird, amphibian, and mammal communities from forest dependent species to open-canopy and wetland associated species. Increased ponding and hydroperiods may be beneficial for some amphibian species, but the loss of the forest canopy will result in an overall decrease in bird diversity, reduce forest connectivity, and exacerbate impacts of habitat loss for many mammal species. Our results show that the long-term, large-scale impacts of EAB on forest-associated wildlife will be significant. Management strategies that focus on establishing alternative trees species to maintain long-term forest cover and structural complexity will help maintain and conserve wildlife diversity.PROJECT RESULTS USE AND DISSEMINATION
The results of this project have been presented at a variety of workshops, conferences and included in the following publications:
500 Lafayette Rd
St. Paul, MN 55155
$1,500,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the commissioner of natural resources to map the extent and quality of aggregate resources in counties that have not previously been mapped. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
500 Lafayette Rd
St. Paul, MN 55155
$1,500,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the commissioner of natural resources to study the impact of changes in land use from forest land to irrigated agriculture in the Pineland Sands aquifer along the Crow Wing River. The commissioner must notify the public about the study and hold an open house in the study area to inform the community on potential impacts to surface water and groundwater in the area. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2021, and is not subject to Minnesota Statutes, sections 116P.05, subdivision 2, paragraph (b), and 116P.09, subdivision 4. The commissioner must submit or present a status update on the study to the chairs and ranking minority members of the house of representatives and senate committees and divisions with jurisdiction over the environment and natural resources by January 15, 2017.
U of MN - NRRI
5013 Miller Trunk Hwy
Duluth, MN 55811
$1,100,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the Board of Regents of the University of Minnesota for academic and applied research through MnDRIVE at the Natural Resources Research Institute for projects that include, but are not limited to, the creation of a portfolio of waterborne sulfate reduction technologies and the development of technologies for current and emerging environmental and natural resources opportunities. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2018, and is not subject to Minnesota Statutes, section 116P.05, subdivision 2.
Science Museum of Minnesota
St. Croix Watershed Research Station, 16910 152nd St N
Marine on St Croix, MN 55047
$500,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the Science Museum of Minnesota for the St. Croix Watershed Research Station to identify species composition and timing of harmful algal blooms, understand the causes of bloom development in individual lakes, and determine how nutrients and climate interact to increase harmful algae outbreaks. This work must be done in cooperation with the University of Minnesota and the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
Lakes are one of Minnesota’s most precious resources and harmful algal blooms (HABs) threaten them both from an ecological and economic standpoint. This provides a survey of the current prevalence and toxicity of harmful algal blooms (HABs) in a subset of Minnesota lakes, determines if these blooms are increasing in frequency, and develops and refines modeling techniques that could be used to predict HABs in lakes across Minnesota. To this end, we intensively monitored five lakes in southwest and central Minnesota over 2 years for all major water chemistry parameters, algal biomass, and four cyanotoxins. In these lakes, and five additional lakes in northern Minnesota, we collected and dated sediment cores where fossil cyanobacterial pigments could be measured to track the occurrence of Cyanobacteria over the last 150 years. Finally, we chose one of the intensively monitored lake as a pilot study where we developed a watershed model (SWAT) and an in-lake hydrodynamic model (CE-QUAL-W2) to predict annual cyanobacterial bloom patterns. As a result of this project, we determined that in lakes which are already eutrophic, internal loading dynamics will play a key role in determining the size and toxicity of the bloom. Importantly, we found that even in shallow lakes (less than 16 ft maximum depth), temperature and oxygen dynamics are critical in terms of bloom timing and toxicity. Cyanobacteria pigment data from our sediment cores showed increasing HABs in some lakes over the 20th Century, but also demonstrate that conditions may have been even worse in the early to mid- 20th Century before the passage of the Clean Water Act. Our modeling results provide a framework for resource managers to predict seasonal bloom formation and persistence in lakes across the state using publicly available and widely used modeling techniques.PROJECT RESULTS USE AND DISSEMINATION
Throughout this project we have provided numerous public updates on progress via the Science Museum of Minnesota’s website and the St. Croix Watershed Research Station’s blog, “Field Notes” including:
We provided our expertise in major statewide news coverage of HABs over the course of this project, including:
We co-organized two public workshops on HABs in cooperation with the University of Minnesota St. Anthony Falls Laboratory that were held in March of 2017 and 2018 which were each attended by ~70 people, including state agency personnel, local water district managers, academic researchers, private environmental consultants, and interested members of the public.
Major research results from this project were also presented at two separate meetings of the Association for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography in June of 2018 and February of 2019 using in-kind funding provided by the Science Museum of Minnesota. This is the largest meeting dedicated to aquatic science in the world and is held once a year. A PDF of the scientific poster presented in 2018 and the powerpoint presented in 2019 are included as a supplemental attachment to this report.
Additional Attachments include fact sheets created by SCWRS for HABs on Pearl Lake and the Madison Lake SWAT model and a report on the CE-QUAL-W2 model produced by USGS.
U of MN - St. Anthony Falls Laboratory
2 Third Ave SE
Minneapolis, MN 55414
$270,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the Board of Regents of the University of Minnesota for the Saint Anthony Falls Laboratory to investigate lake processes and meteorological conditions triggering algal blooms and toxin production, develop models for tracking blooms, and provide outreach on the prediction, detection, and impacts of mitigation of algal bloom events. This work must be done in cooperation with the St. Croix Watershed Research Station of the Science Museum of Minnesota and the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
2109 Lakeshore Dr N
Lake City, MN 55041
$600,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the commissioner of natural resources in cooperation with the Minnesota Zoological Garden for a statewide mussel program to rear, restore, and re-establish native mussel species in streams and rivers. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
University of St Thomas
2115 Summit Ave, JRC 153
St. Paul, MN 55105
$287,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the commissioner of natural resources for an agreement with the University of St. Thomas to evaluate the use of ultraviolet treatment of wastewater to remove certain commonly detected wastewater contaminants, in order to reduce the contaminants' toxicity to native fish and mussels. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
In 2009 the MPCA was directed by the legislature to monitor surface waters for endocrine disrupting compounds near wastewater treatment plants. In the resultant study, two of the most commonly detected compounds (tonalide and galaxolide) were polycyclic musks that are used as synthetic fragrances in a wide range of products. It has been demonstrated in mussels that musks can impair transporters involved in the first line of defense against toxicants. This is of great concern as 25 of Minnesota’s 48 native mussel species are listed as endangered, threatened, or of special concern. Tonalide and galaxolide are also known to induce other types of toxicity (e.g. liver damage, DNA/genetic damage) and are suspected endocrine disruptors, meaning they can disrupt hormones and impair growth and reproduction, and are thus a potential threat to mussel and fish populations.
The goal of this project was to assess whether UV treatment of wastewater can effectively remove toxicity attributable to these compounds. When tonalide was exposed to sufficient UV light, it was eliminated and several photoproducts were formed. Biological assays were performed using tonalide and confirmed endocrine activity and inhibition of transporters as predicted, but only at high concentrations that would not be typically expected in Minnesota waters. Furthermore, biological effects were largely reduced or eliminated upon exposure to UV, suggesting photoproducts do not retain significant biological activity of the parent compound. Analysis of wastewater effluents reveals the presence of some parent tonalide and some photoproducts, supporting the prediction that higher UV doses than currently used may be required to completely remove tonalide. A major finding of this project is that galaxolide is much less stable in water than previously reported; it is unlikely to persist and be of concern in environmental waters. Therefore, overall this study suggests polycyclic musks are unlikely to be an imminent threat at the levels detected in Minnesota waters.PROJECT RESULTS USE AND DISSEMINATION
Results from this project have, to date, been disseminated primarily via presentations given by undergraduate students from Gustavus and the University of St. Thomas. Locally, this included the 2019 “Scholars at the Capitol” event. Nationally, students have presented at American Chemical Society and Society for Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry meetings; internationally, a student presented at the International Symposium on Liquid Phase Separations. Because the bulk of the substantive results have been finalized in the past few months, preparation of manuscripts for submission to peer-reviewed journals are forthcoming.
U of MN
500 Pillsbury Dr SE
Minneapolis, MN 55455
$400,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the Board of Regents of the University of Minnesota to identify neonicotinoid insecticide breakdown components produced in water and plant leaves and assess their toxicity to soil and aquatic species and related biotic communities. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
Neonicotinoid insecticides are widely used and detected at varying concentrations across diverse environments, including soil, surface water, and groundwater. A key component of how persistent neonicotinoids are in the environment is their degradation rate, and the residual toxicity of the products needs evaluation. Hydrolysis is the reaction process that occurs in water, which may be affected by the pH of the water or the presence of natural trace metals and minerals. Reaction driven by sunlight (photolysis) has also been reported as an important transformation pathway for neonicotinoids. The objectives of this study were to quantify hydrolysis and photolysis rates for neonicotinoid insecticides in water and on various surfaces; understand the effects of pH and natural trace metals on hydrolysis of neonicotinoids; characterize transformation products; and assess the toxicity of hydrolysis and photolysis products to soil and aquatic species. Hydrolysis and photolysis in aqueous solutions and on surfaces were examined for various neonicotinoids, including imidacloprid, thiamethoxam, clothianidin, acetamiprid, and nitenpyram. The results showed that neonicotinoids undergo base-catalyzed hydrolysis, and the hydrolysis rates were not impacted in the presence of divalent metal cations and minerals. Direct photolysis was observed for nitenpyram, imidacloprid, thiamethoxam, and clothianidin, but not for acetamiprid. When put onto various model surfaces to simulate application to a plant leaf, the photolysis rates and mechanisms were not only dependent on the surface, but also on whether a commercial formulation or solution of pure compound (analytical standard dissolved in ultrapure water) of the pesticide was used. Photolysis of commercial products was faster than pure compounds on the tested surfaces. Product analysis indicated that the urea derivative was the most commonly detected product for neonicotinoids reacting via hydrolysis and photolysis in water, while reduction and dissociation of the nitro group led to the major photoreaction products on surfaces. Toxicity tests on mosquito (Culex pipiens) larvae were conducted with nitenpyram, imidacloprid, acetamiprid, thiamethoxam, clothianidin, and their reaction products generated via hydrolysis, photolysis in water, and photolysis on surfaces. No residual toxicity associated with reaction products was observed.PROJECT RESULTS USE AND DISSEMINATION
Results from the work have been presented as oral and poster presentations at conferences (2017 Minnesota Water Resources Conference, 2017 MN Conference on the Environment, 2017 Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC) national meeting, 2019 American Chemical Society National meeting, 2019 Association of Environmental Engineering and Science Professors Conference). The paper “Neonicotinoid insecticide hydrolysis and photolysis: Rates and residual toxicity” was published in the journal Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. It is open access and freely available at: https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.4256. The associated data set is archived at http://hdl.handle.net/11299/199764. Mr. Stephen Todey’s MS Thesis is available via ProQuest (https://search-proquest-com.ezp3.lib.umn.edu/docview/2268373263) and will shortly be archived in the University of Minnesota Digital Conservancy. We are preparing a manuscript that describes the photolysis and toxicity results for experiments performed on surfaces. The findings from this project will aid the development of guidelines for the management and safe use of neonicotinoids to protect the health of Minnesota’s waters.
U of MN
500 Pillsbury Dr SE
Minneapolis, MN 55455
$299,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the Board of Regents of the University of Minnesota to characterize and analyze bacterial communities in Minnesota groundwater used as drinking water supplies and link the microbiological data to other water quality indicators for drinking water supply safety. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
U of MN - MN Geological Survey
2609 Territorial Rd
St. Paul, MN 55114
$183,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the Board of Regents of the University of Minnesota for the Minnesota Geological Survey to use new techniques of borehole testing and rock fracture mapping in the Twin Cities metropolitan area to achieve a better understanding of groundwater flow through fractured bedrock, in order to improve groundwater management. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
US Geological Survey
2280 Woodale Dr
Mounds View, MN 55112
$433,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the commissioner of natural resources for an agreement with the United States Geological Survey to continue to test methods of defining properties of confined drinking water aquifers, in order to improve water management. This appropriation is not subject to Minnesota Statutes, section 116P.10. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
U of MN
140 Gortner Lab, 1479 Gortner Avenue
St. Paul, MN 55108
$345,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the Board of Regents of the University of Minnesota for a statewide assessment of water quality using new satellite sensors for high frequency measurement of major water quality indicators in lakes and rivers. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
Water quality monitoring is essential for managing Minnesota’s surface waters, maintaining the services they provide, and detecting changes caused by environmental stressors. Direct measurements of water quality are possible, however, in only a small fraction of the thousands of lakes and river miles in the state. Methods developed in this project allow use of increasingly frequent satellite observations to measure water clarity and the three key water quality indicators that control it: algae, colored dissolved organic matter (CDOM), and suspended solids. Because these parameters have distinct impacts on water quality, the ability to measure them directly across the state’s waters enables comprehensive assessment of water quality status and trends and increases understanding of the causes and consequences of water quality degradation. We developed methods to relate direct measurements of water quality to satellite imagery, assessed atmospheric correction techniques and validated methods using independent datasets. We applied these methods to measure water quality parameters on lakes >10ha, and provide the information at https://lakes.rs.umn.edu. Examples are included in appendix 1. Our methods extract information at seasonal to annual scales for algae, CDOM and suspended solids in lakes at state, regional, county, and watershed scales. Water quality parameters were linked to disinfection byproduct formation potential in drinking water treatment and degradation of contaminants driven by sunlight. CDOM levels were closely related to formation rates of two classes of disinfection byproducts, trihalomethanes and haloacetic acids, and to the production photo-induced reactive intermediates that degrade pesticides. This information can be used with remote sensing to assess pesticide persistence and suitability of surface waters for drinking water sources. An ongoing LCCMR project uses methods developed here with automated imagery acquisition and analysis to gather information on lake conditions at potentially a weekly basis. Project outcomes are summarized at https://water.rs.umn.edu/ for use by researchers, managers, lake associations and the public.
PROJECT RESULTS USE AND DISSEMINATION
Information from this project has been disseminated through five ways during the three year project:
U of MN
111 Church St SE
Minneapolis, MN 55455
$509,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the Board of Regents of the University of Minnesota to develop inexpensive and efficient sensitive sensors and wireless sensor networks for continuous monitoring of contaminants in lakes and rivers in Minnesota. This appropriation is subject to Minnesota Statutes, section 116P.10. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
U of MN
500 Pillsbury Dr SE
Minneapolis, MN 55455
$398,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the Board of Regents of the University of Minnesota to characterize and quantify the nutrient-removing microorganisms used for municipal wastewater treatment, in order to improve the process used to reduce total nitrogen discharge. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
Santiago Romero-Vargas Castrillón
U of MN
Department of Civil, Environmental, and Geo- Engineering
Minneapolis, MN 55455
$191,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the Board of Regents of the University of Minnesota to develop a low-energy use, membrane-based treatment technology to produce drinking water locally from surface waters by removing heavy metals and contaminants of emerging concern, including pesticides and pharmaceuticals. This appropriation is subject to Minnesota Statutes, section 116P.10. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
The main outcome of this project is a novel surface modification protocol for water treatment membranes. We showed that graphene oxide coatings, known to exhibit antibacterial properties, improve the efficiency with which the membranes remove micropollutants, such as N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA), which are common in Minnesota surface waters. Additional outcomes of this project were promotion of Minnesota’s human capital through training of graduate and undergraduate students (2 graduate and one undergraduate student where supported at various points of the project), a M. S. thesis completed by Henry Croll (one of the graduate students supported by the project), a conference presentation (at the Annual Meeting of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers, AIChE 2017), and a recent publication in Separation and Purification Technology, a peer-reviewed international journal.PROJECT RESULTS USE AND DISSEMINATION
This project accomplished the following dissemination outcomes:
Pee-reviewed publications (1): H. Croll, A. Soroush, M. Pillsbury, and SRVC. “Graphene oxide surface modification of polyamide reverse osmosis membranes for improved N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) removal”. Separation and Purification Technology 210 (2019) 973–980
The article is available from the following link without a subscription until November 2, 2018: https://authors.elsevier.com/a/1XjGX4wbrSvhOh
Conference papers (1): A. Soroush, H. Croll, and SRVC. “N-Nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) Removal by Thin Film Composite Polyamide Reverse Osmosis Membranes”. 2017 AIChE National Meeting, Minneapolis, MN. November 1st, 2017.
Dissertations (1): H. Croll. “Improvements to Polyamide Reverse Osmosis Membranes for Removal of Small, Uncharged, Hydrophilic Solutes”. MS Thesis, University of Minnesota, 2018 (available from the UMN Libraries).
Minnesota Pollution Control Agency
520 Lafayette Rd
St. Paul, MN 55155
$180,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the commissioner of the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency to analyze alternatives for improved treatment of sulfate and salty parameters at municipal wastewater plants to inform the development and implementation of wild rice, sulfate, and other water quality standards. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
A future surface water quality standard for sulfate may result in some municipal wastewater treatment plants having to reduce the sulfate in their discharge. This study evaluated options for sulfate treatment and examined the implications of those treatment options for typical municipal wastewater treatment plants in Minnesota. This study’s findings gives regulatory agencies and MN communities’ greater certainty of the cost of any future sulfate treatment technologies. This information will be used to guide the MPCA’s future wild rice rulemaking efforts. 31 technologies for sulfate removal were ranked based on effectiveness, operability, cost, complexity of pre- and post-treatment, and waste management requirements. The types of technologies reviewed included chemical precipitation, ion exchange, membrane separation, electrochemical, biological, and evaporative treatment. The technology review indicated that reverse osmosis is the most well developed and effective alternatives available for sulfate removal at this time, despite the complexity and cost associated with final waste management. The study examined the implementation of RO for sulfate removal at Minnesota’s municipal wastewater treatment plants in greater depth, using six hypothetical case studies covering a range of treatment plant sizes and sulfate treatment goals typical for the state. The case studies considered the technical, operational, and economic issues associated with integration of RO into conventional municipal treatment systems. Sulfate treatment using RO was found to be extremely expensive and operationally complex. The main driver of complexity and costs was membrane waste management, which in this study focused on mechanical evaporation and crystallization. Due to the complexity of the processes, which differ significantly from those currently employed for conventional municipal wastewater treatment, increased staffing levels and operator training would be needed for successful implementation. RO is effective in removing sulfate from wastewater, but waste management challenges remain a substantial barrier to implementation and affordability.PROJECT RESULTS USE AND DISSEMINATION
The results of this study were disseminated through two presentations at a Minnesota wastewater treatment conference and two presentations at a national conference for city engineers. The results of the study were incorporated into the proposed wild rice sulfate rulemaking documents and used to inform testimony by the MPCA before both the Minnesota house and senate.
The final report, a one page summary of the report and a recorded video of the final results presentation is available on the MPCA webpage: https://www.pca.state.mn.us/water/protecting-wild-rice-waters
U of MN
2 Third Ave SE
Minneapolis, MN 55414
$497,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the Board of Regents of the University of Minnesota to quantify the current water-softening salt loads in Minnesota lakes, rivers, and groundwater, assess alternative water-softening materials and methods, and quantify the transport of de-icing and water-softening salt through the soil. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
U of MN
140 Gortner Laboratory
1479 Gortner Ave
St. Paul, MN 55108
$596,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the Board of Regents of the University of Minnesota to continue to research the potential of recently discovered microbes from Soudan Iron Mine in northern Minnesota for removing salts and metals from groundwater and surface water resources. This appropriation is subject to Minnesota Statutes, section 116P.10. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
Many Minnesota waters are contaminated with salts and metals. Removing these contaminants can be more difficult than removal of compounds such as oils or pharmaceuticals which can be destroyed by bacteria or heat treatment. Metals and salts must be physically bound, or made to pass through a specific membrane to clean the water, making such treatments expensive and energy intensive. However, technologies have been proposed that use microorganisms as the power source to drive salts across membranes, or as binding agents to remove metals, significantly reducing the cost and complexity of treatment. Before such technologies can even be imagined at scale, naturally-occurring microorganisms that are tolerant of harsh conditions and able to power removal of salts from water must be made available. A key goal of this project was to discover such organisms, subject them to the stresses of life under the conditions, and understand what could limit implementation of these remediation strategies. After surveying a number of contaminated sites in Minnesota, we focused specifically on the power-generating abilities of bacteria related to the genus Geobacter, the salt-tolerance abilities of bacteria related to the genus Marinobacter, and the metal transforming abilities of fungal Armilleria and Periconia genera. We verified that these organisms can grow in high salt conditions, power model salt-removal reactors, and in some cases remove multiple metals from solution. In the case of salt removal, we showed that many of the operating conditions proposed, such as cycling of the cell voltage or operation at low redox potential, can be harmful to cells and will need to be addressed before the technology can be successful, as will issues related to high calcium content of some Minnesota waters. In contrast, because the use of fungi for metal removal does not require as much equipment or electrochemical control, scaling of this approach using organisms obtained via this project is deemed much more feasible.PROJECT RESULTS USE AND DISSEMINATION
Our primary scientific dissemination activities are manuscripts crediting this project, two of which are under revision or submission and not available online at the time of this report. We presented our results at the 2nd Geobiology Society Conference in Banff, Canada, in June 2019 in the poster section titled as “Remediation of Metals by Mn-Oxidizing Fungi in Minnesota Soudan Iron Mine”. Other examples of local exposure include also the Mycological Society of America 2019 Annual Meeting in Minneapolis, MN, in August 2019. In October, the research results will be presented at the Society for Mining Engineers conference in Minneapolis, MN.
As part of this project we conducted outreach activities to show the potential offered by bacteria powering salt-removal devices. Some examples of outreach during this project include: three ‘Market Science’ events, bringing demonstration devices to farmer’s markets in the Twin Cities area, three events as part of the Bell Museum’s 3rd and 4th-grade science camps where students constructed microbial powered devices and meet scientists in our laboratory, assisting two local Lego League teams who were incorporating microbial power into their demonstration projects and providing materials for their devices (one group progressed to the State competition), hosting a short workshop training graduate students in construction of microbial electrochemical devices, participation in the MN clean water summit and the American Society for Microbiology science outreach series. Our other stated goal was to facilitate group meetings with other collaborators and interested parties so this work could expand or continue. Due to these collaborations, work initiated in this project in terms of searching for new organisms from metal-impacted environments will be able to continue in a 5-year NSF-funded project to be based in the Soudan Mine, fulfilling a key goal described in our Long Term Strategy. We have also applied for new support from other state-based programs (such as MNDrive) to support the scale-up of new technologies for bioremediation.
We will continue to share these results, including demonstration experiments about bioremediation strategy use the type 1 bioreactor to general audiences on August 22nd, 2019 at the Minnesota State Fair with Market Science. Further, these type 1 bioreactors will now be regularly prepared for Sound Underground Mine State Park science tours of the mine. Mine tour guides will demonstrate these at the mine, and the cultures have been shared for observation under a microscope in collaboration with State Park staff.
U of MN
500 Pillsbury Dr SE
Minneapolis, MN 55455
$440,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the Board of Regents of the University of Minnesota to develop an efficient, low-cost, biomass-derived adsorbent material for use in bioactive filters able to remove sulfate and metals from mining-impacted waters. This appropriation is subject to Minnesota Statutes, section 116P.10. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
Biochar is a stabilized, recalcitrant organic carbon material, created from biomass heated to temperatures between 300-1000°C, under low oxygen concentrations. Biochars can be produced from a variety of biomass feedstocks. Recently, biochars have found several applications in environmental remediation of heavy metals contamination. In this project we compared the sorptive properties of different biochars for soluble copper (Cu2+) and nickel (Ni2+) removal from contaminated waters. In order to enhance the sorptive properties of biochars, we pyrolyzed hardwood biomass in the presence of magnesium hydroxide or magnesium chloride. Using the newly produced biochar-composite material we compared its sorption isotherms for copper and nickel with an unmodified biochar. Copper and nickel sorption capacities were greatly improved for the biochars pyrolyzed in the presence of magnesium salts, indicating that biochar mineral supplementation can increase the efficiency of metal adsorption and removal from solution. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) coupled to energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) revealed strong surface localization of both copper and nickel after sorption onto magnesium hydroxide treated biochar, with a lesser extent of copper surface localization on magnesium chloride than magnesium hydroxide treated biochar. A subsequent study was conducted to test the effects of post-pyrolysis mineral modification (added as soluble Mg) on unmodified biochar’s sorption capacity for heavy metals. This part of the project revealed that metal-mineral surface complexation, rather than covalent modification, was the major driver for enhancing copper sorption in treatments amended with either magnesium hydroxide or magnesium chloride. However, similar effects were not observed for nickel sorption. In this project we develop a biochar-mineral composite material that promotes heavy metal adsorption. The new sorbent material made from waste biomass is an efficient, low-cost, environmentally-friendly alternative to conventional sorbent materials that can be used for mine water treatment in water filters or permeable reactive barriers.PROJECT RESULTS USE AND DISSEMINATION
Three peer-reviewed manuscripts are expected to be published from this work; these will be submitted to the LCCMR when accepted for publication. Multiple presentations about the research have been given at both regional and national/international conferences.
U of MN
1479 Gortner Ave
St. Paul, MN 55108
$198,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the Board of Regents of the University of Minnesota to adapt and test an inexpensive biosponge technology for its effectiveness at removing nitrates from drinking water. This appropriation is subject to Minnesota Statutes, section 116P.10. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
16776 Heron Rd
Little Falls, MN 56345
$209,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the commissioner of natural resources for an agreement with the Morrison Soil and Water Conservation District to conduct an assessment of drainage infrastructure, in order to develop hydrology restoration priorities and a countywide performance drainage ordinance to address land use-change impacts to the hydrogeology. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
Blue Earth County Drainage Authority
204 Fifth St S
Mankato, MN 56001
$110,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the Board of Water and Soil Resources for an agreement with the Blue Earth County Drainage Authority to continue monitoring a model demonstration for storage and treatment options in drainage systems designed to improve agricultural and urban water quality by reducing soil erosion, peak water flows, and nutrient loading. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2021, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
Vadnais Lake Area Water Management Organization
800 County Rd E
Vadnais Heights, MN 55127
$500,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the commissioner of natural resources for an agreement with Vadnais Lake Area Water Management Organization to reduce bacteria and nutrient loads to Vadnais Lake, a drinking water supply reservoir, through implementation and evaluation of a subsurface constructed wetland as a best management practice for potential statewide use. The Vadnais Lake Area Water Management Organization must consider contracting with the University of Minnesota Department of Civil, Environmental, and Geo-Engineering to evaluate the effectiveness of the pilot treatment system so that it maximizes benefits and can be replicated elsewhere. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2021, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
U of MN
1987 Upper Buford Cir, 404 Ecology Bldg
St. Paul, MN 55108
$420,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the Board of Regents of the University of Minnesota to quantify the environmental benefits of sediment removal and native plant communities in wetland restorations by measuring resulting reductions in nitrogen and phosphorus delivery to groundwater and surface water. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
Wetland restorations are vital for enhancing habitat and protecting against growing threats from eutrophication to Minnesota’s drinking and recreational waters. Using comparisons of standard wetland restoration practices with those that also removed accumulated sediment, we examined outcomes of restorations across gradients of wetland size, age, and hydrology. Our goal was to investigate the effects of 1) excavating accumulated eroded sediment, 2) time since restoration, and 3) hydrology, on the ability to store and remove nutrient input from the watershed over time, and on the abundance and diversity of native and invasive vegetation in restored wetlands. We studied 58 restored agricultural wetlands, collecting over 1000 water, 800 soil, and 258 plant samples over three years. Substantial water quality improvements resulted from both standard and sediment removal treatments. Excavation reduced total nitrogen (N) and total phosphorus (P) in soil and surface water, although the strength of effects varied substantially by nutrient and wetland type. In general, soil and water nutrient content increased with wetland age since restoration, suggesting that wetlands effectively stored incoming nutrients. Restored wetlands overall had a high capacity to remove nitrate under a wide range of temperature, age, size and geomorphic conditions, resulting in extremely low concentrations of nitrate. Permanent N removal via denitrification did not differ between excavated and standard restoration practices, but seasonally flooded wetlands had significantly higher denitrification rates than semi-permanent basins that dry out much less frequently. N removal by denitrification increased steadily following restoration, indicating improved capacity for nitrate reduction in older wetlands. In contrast to nitrogen, seasonal flooding promoted mobilization of inorganic phosphorus to surface waters, suggesting effects of long term enrichment of phosphorus in watershed soils. Vegetation accounted for a substantial portion of N and P stored in wetland basins during the growing season, with invasive hybrid cattail containing over 70% of the N and P stored in plant biomass. Following restoration, excavated wetlands had significantly lower hybrid cattail cover and higher native species cover compared to wetlands restored without sediment removal. However, rapid expansion by hybrid cattail offset vegetation benefits of sediment removal within eight years following restoration. Our study demonstrated that sediment excavation promotes native species and at the same time, reduces nutrient availability and improves water quality in restored agricultural wetlands. Environmental factors such as basin inundation patterns and time since restoration influence the ability of wetlands to perform key services. Eutrophication is a growing threat to Minnesota’s drinking and recreational waters, and our work showed that agricultural wetland restorations can substantially reduce the risk of eutrophication. Benefits of wetland restoration can be maximized by removing accumulated sediment during restoration and managing invasive species in the years following restoration.PROJECT RESULTS USE AND DISSEMINATION
Information from this project has been used and disseminated in diverse ways during the three year project. Results from the project have been presented at national, regional, and state meetings and events including; the Society for Freshwater Sciences annual conference (May 2019), the Society for Wetland Sciences annual conference (May 2019), the Minnesota Chapter of the Wildlife Society annual conference (February 2017 and February 2018), the joint meeting of the Upper Midwest Invasive Species Conference and North American Invasive Species Management Association (October 2018), and a meeting of Minnesota private lands managers and conservation specialists including The Nature Conservancy, the US Fish and Wildlife Service, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Minnesota Land Trust, Ducks Unlimited, and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (June 2018). We have shared our research with local entities including the University of Minnesota’s Shared Water, Shared Responsibility: Engaging Minnesota’s Communities, Students, & Policy-Makers event (March 2017), the Water Resources Science Spring Research Symposium (January 2018), the Pomme de Terre Watershed Task Force (May 2018), Restoration Evaluation Specialists at the Minnesota DNR Division of Ecological and Water Resources (March 2018), and The Nature Conservancy (August 2018), and we continue to reach out to other stakeholders and land management groups to share the results of our research. Furthermore, the results from this research have been shared regularly with the US Fish and Wildlife Service Private Lands Office and restoration specialists working with landowners across the state. We have submitted one manuscript addressing the effects of sediment excavation on plant communities to the journal Restoration Ecology (submitted July 2018) and another manuscript to the journal Wetlands. In addition, two more manuscripts are in preparation, and others are planned. Copies of the manuscripts will be provided upon publication. Finally, we have developed a set of interactive tools to start conversations about wetlands with children and adults. Using visual aids, hands-on activities, and informational handouts, we were able to reach hundreds of people in the summer of 2018 at the West Ottertail County Fair and the Fergus Falls Aqua Chautauqua, by focusing on exploration and discovery in our backyard wetlands. Our activities and handouts are still being used by environmental and K-12 educators in the Ottertail Public School District. Appendix 2 provides examples of our outreach materials.
Minnesota State University - Mankato
Water Resources Center
135 Trafton Science Center S
Mankato, MN 56003
$169,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the Board of Trustees of the Minnesota State Colleges and Universities system for the Water Resources Center at Minnesota State University, Mankato, to use geographic information system (GIS) prioritization and modeling tools to develop pollution reduction strategies in five priority subwatersheds in the Le Sueur River watershed and to promote implementation of the reduction strategies through citizen involvement and outreach. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
The Le Sueur River Watershed (LSRW) is one of the leading contributors of pollutant loads in the Upper Mississippi River Basin. The 711,000 acre watershed is a listed as a priority watershed for both nitrogen and phosphorus in the Minnesota Nutrient Reduction Strategy and is a prolific source of total suspended solids which impacts downstream receiving waters from the Minnesota River to the Gulf of Mexico. The project goals were to use geographic information system (GIS) prioritization and modeling tools to develop pollution reduction strategies in five priority subwatersheds in the LSRW and to promote implementation of the reduction strategies through citizen involvement and outreach.
The project resulted an inventory handbook of GIS conservation planning and targeting tools to help local conservation partners better understand the diversity of available tools (link). A statewide survey of GIS tool users was also developed and summarized (link). Five subwatershed strategies were developed by citizens and conservation partners that illustrate conservation opportunities based on the latest targeting tool outputs, maps and citizen input (link). The project harnessed the energy of a citizen group, the LSRW Network to facilitate improvements in one of the most degraded watersheds in the state.
More broadly, this project demonstrates subwatershed scale planning that uses GIS conservation targeting tools integrated with civic engagement—a promising approach and scale for nonpoint source pollution clean-up. The project underscores the power of conservation partners engaging community members around locally relevant problem solving that aligns with existing social networks. Subwatershed groups learned and adapted together while citizen leaders networked with peers, building strong relationships and enduring partnerships. The project also raised awareness statewide about the need to re‐create more water storage across the Minnesota River Basin to reduce peak flows that are destabilizing river systems and contributing to water quality problems (Water Storage Forum).PROJECT RESULTS USE AND DISSEMINATION
Information about this project is housed on the Le Sueur River Watershed Network and the Minnesota River Basin Data Center websites. Project reports include an inventory handbook of GIS conservation planning and targeting tools to help local conservation partners better understand the diversity of available tools (link). A statewide survey of GIS tool users was also developed and summarized (link). Five Subwatershed Strategy documents were created (link) that integrate GIS conservation targeting with citizen engagement. Information about Le Sueur River Watershed and priority subwatersheds are summarized on the Le Sueur River Watershed Network and MRBDC websites.
The project has resulted in hundreds of one-on-one, small and large group meetings to disseminate information with citizens and conservation partners at subwatershed, watershed, and basin scales. Project staff had the opportunity to share information about the project at international, national, state, regional and local conferences and meetings. International and national highlights include audio interviews housed at the Museum on Mainstreet, Smithsonian Institute, a presentation at the Soil and Water Conservation Society International Conference in Madison WI; presentations at the Watershed Leaders Network Meeting, Hannibal, Missouri and Dubuque, IA. Statewide highlights include Governor’s Water Quality Town Hall Meeting, numerous presentations at Minnesota Water Resources Conferences.
Project staff have made over a dozen presentations and hosted tours regionally and locally to raise awareness about the project and outcomes ranging from local and regional government (County, SWCD, GBERBA), to state and elected officials (Minnesota Legislative Water Commission, Clean Water Council, Governor’s Office) to conservation groups (Minnesota River Congress, Friends of Minnesota Valley, Izaak Walton League, Clean Water Minnesota). A project highlight was raising the awareness about the need for more water storage statewide by developing and hosting the Minnesota River Basin Water Storage Forum and website. During the project period, dissemination through media outlets include over 20 newspaper articles, four KEYC television interviews, and three nationally publicized audio interviews. In addition, project partners created the Le Sueur River Watershed Network website, created four videos, as well as numerous posters and summary maps and other public informational materials.
Henry Van Offelen
Board of Water and Soil Resources
26224 N. Tower Road
Detroit Lakes, MN 56501
$65,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the commissioner of natural resources to develop targeted water quality improvements for the Roseau Lake watershed by coordinating with partner agencies to identify the top priority field scale best management and conservation practices to implement in the region.
The Roseau River Watershed District in collaboration with MN state agencies, local governments, and citizens is working to rehabilitate the Roseau Lake basin, which was substantially drained over 50 years ago. The outcomes and results of this project will be essential to strategically invest in water quality improvement projects that will ensure the long-term viability of the lake rehabilitation restoration project. This project resulted in development of a level 3 hydrologically conditioned digital elevation model (hDEM) for the U.S. portion of the watershed, a LiDAR-derived restorable wetland inventory, and complete set of Roseau River Watershed PTMApp data which is available on the Minnesota Board of Water and Soil Resource’s PTMApp website and for PTMApp desktop use. The project identified and mapped the top 100 field scale best management and conservation practices to benefit water quality in the Roseau Lake. Output data from the PTMApp and the drained basin inventory has been provided to the Roseau County Soil and Water Conservation District and the Roseau River Watershed District in addition to a series of project implementation and effectiveness map. A Roseau River watershed PTMApp data-training workshop was held for project partners on May 30, 2018. Project partners are now using the data and maps to refine a targeted implementation plan for the Roseau Lake and the Roseau River watersheds. This foundational work has been essential for the Roseau River Watershed District to work with additional partners in Canada and expand the scope of this work to include the entire Roseau River watershed in the U.S. and Canada.PROJECT RESULTS USE AND DISSEMINATION
This project resulted in the development of a level 3 hydrologically conditioned digital elevation model (hDEM) for the U.S. portion of the watershed, a LiDAR-derived restorable wetland inventory, a complete set of Roseau River Watershed PTMApp data, and a variety of maps to identify the Top 100 conservation and best management practices for water quality protection and improvement. The Roseau River watershed district has copies of all data, maps, and presentation associated with this work. The PTMApp data is also available on the Minnesota Board of Water and Soil Resource’s PTMApp website. GIS tools needed to derive a restorable wetland inventory from LiDAR data were refined for this project and are also available from the Board of Water and Soil Resources.
A Roseau River watershed PTMApp data-training workshop was held for project partners on May 30, 2018. This foundational work has been essential for the Roseau River Watershed District to work with additional partners in Canada and expand the scope of the project to include the entire Roseau River watershed in the U.S. and Canada. These partners are now working with these data to further develop and refine and implementation strategy for the Roseau Lake Basin and for the entire watershed.
Board of Water and Soil Resources
520 Lafayette Rd
St. Paul, MN 55155
$433,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the Board of Water and Soil Resources in cooperation with Conservation Corps Minnesota and Iowa for the final phase of a program to train and mentor future conservation professionals by providing apprenticeship service opportunities with local soil and water conservation districts in Minnesota. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
Amy Kay Kerber
500 Lafayette Rd
St. Paul, MN 55155
$440,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the commissioner of natural resources in cooperation with Conservation Corps Minnesota and Iowa to renovate and restore 60 school forests and train students, teachers, school district facility staff, and community volunteers to be long-term stewards of the school forests and provide education and service learning experiences at school forest sites. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
Prairie Woods Environmental Learning Center
12718 10th Street NE
Spicer, MN 56288
$400,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the commissioner of natural resources for an agreement with Prairie Woods Environmental Learning Center to expand the Youth Energy Summit (YES!) program statewide to complete more than 200 new youth-led climate change mitigation and adaptation projects in over 50 Minnesota communities.
Our project goal was to engage Minnesota’s youth in seeking sustainable solutions to today’s environmental and economic challenges through hands-on learning. We accomplished this by:
YES! staff worked with over 100 teachers and resource experts to engage Minnesota’s youth in authentic learning through hands-on projects and community events. Pre and post assessment survey results indicate YES! was successful in impacting student behaviors:
YES! students accomplishments benefited Minnesota communities in a variety of ways. Of the 264 completed projects, 25 were related to lake/prairie restorations, 26 improved energy efficiency, 69 involved waste reduction, and 83 additional projects from a range of categories including renewable energy, climate change, and local foods were completed, 61 environmental education events were held and 2,814 pounds of Christmas tree lights were recycled! As one YES! student said, “You can sit around and think about saving energy, or you can get out and do something about it. YES! lets us do something about it!”PROJECT RESULTS USE AND DISSEMINATION
Pioneer Public Television
One Pioneer Drive
Granite Falls, MN 56241
$300,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the commissioner of natural resources for an agreement with Pioneer Public Television to provide outreach on outdoor recreation, conservation, and natural resource issues, including water quality, wildlife habitat, and invasive species, through a series of interrelated public forums, educational and training videos, and statewide broadcast television programs. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
Prairie Sportsman celebrates our love of the outdoors and connecting to Minnesota’s vast resources of lakes, rivers, trails and grasslands. As Pioneer Public Television’s most popular production, the show had been on hiatus for five years until the Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund enabled Pioneer to produce 26 new episodes for the 2017-18 seasons.
Prairie Sportsman increased its focus on natural resource protections needed to preserve access to outdoor recreation and widened its appeal to a diverse, statewide audience. As a result, all six Minnesota Public Television Association members aired the 2018 season. This project has provided engaging environmental science education, increased awareness of environmental issues and provided ways for individuals, communities and organizations to restore and protect natural resources.
The 26 episodes including two live town hall broadcasts, 24 environmental science and conservation segments and 26 aquatic invasive species minutes, along with sports, recreation, outdoor lifestyle and audience Q&A segments.
Conservation segments featured topics such as strip tilling to reduce soil erosion, conducting burns to restore natural habitats, genetically diversifying purebred bison herds, evaluating beaver impacts on trout streams, using bioreactors to remove nitrates from farm drainage water, growing camelina and other cover crops, controlling buckthorn with goats, restoring prairie chicken and sandhill crane populations and tagging Monarchs for research. Every episode also included a video short on preventing the spread of aquatic invasive species with a “clean, drain, dry” message.
The Prairie Sportsman website, blog and social media have significantly increased the program’s reach. For example, a Mallard research segment uploaded to Facebook reached over 53,000 people with 114 shares; a Monarch tagging segment reached 11,734 with 83 shares. Through broadcast television and digital media, Prairie Sportsman invested ENRTF funds in content that inspires Minnesotans to connect with the outdoors and protect precious natural resources.PROJECT RESULTS USE AND DISSEMINATION
Prairie Sportsman has achieved statewide appeal and is now aired on all Minnesota Public Television stations, including KSMQ Austin, Lakeland Public TV Bemidji and Brainerd, WDSE Duluth, Prairie Public TV Fargo and TPT MN as well as Pioneer Public TV. Episodes are also widely viewed online at http://prairiesportsman.org/ , https://video.pioneer.org/ and Facebook.
In addition, each episode’s three 6 to 12 minute video features and AIS video shorts are segmented and individually branded to stand alone. They are offered to all who participated in the segment to use for their own public outreach and education purposes. For example, the Riverside History & Nature Learning Center in New Ulm is showing a segment on Riverside at the center; Pheasants Forever chapters have aired pheasant hunting and habitat research segments at banquets; a segment on Fort Ridgely Equestrian Center endurance riders aired at the Horse Expo; SWCD Aquatic Invasive Species Task Forces are using segments for public education and outreach.
The segments are also promoted heavily on social media, with demonstrated results. Prairie Sportsman’s digital space has had phenomenal growth, highlighted by a segment on Mallard tagging and research that was uploaded to Facebook and organically reached over 53,000 people with 613 reactions, comments and shares and a total watch time of 11,000 minutes. This was more than six months after the segment’s air date of February 18, 2018, demonstrating how social media can extend the life and reach of “evergreen” Prairie Sportsman programs and increase the effectiveness of ENRTF funding in bringing educational videos to a statewide audience.
Facebook has been the most successful social media platform for marketing Prairie Sportsman and increased in likes by nearly 70 percent from January to August 2018. Snapchat and Instagram follow in popularity with Twitter being the least important in expanding Prairie Sportsman’s audience.
Minnesota Zoological Garden
13000 Zoo Blvd
Apple Valley, MN 55124
$147,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the Minnesota Zoological Garden to engage high school students in critical prairie wildlife and habitat conservation projects by using the zoo's unique animal collections and state-of-the-art technology to deliver hands-on learning in 12 southwestern Minnesota high schools.
The Minnesota Zoo is currently addressing the decline of wildlife populations and tall grass prairie habitats in southwestern Minnesota by returning pure-bred bison herds to Blue Mounds State Park and protecting imperiled prairie butterflies. Complementing this work, the Zoo engaged students in prairie conservation projects in 12 southwestern Minnesota high schools in order to inspire wildlife conservation action and promote lifelong wildlife conservation interest. The Wildlife Champions project included specialized training for high school teachers to equip them to supervise and facilitate student-driven prairie wildlife conservation projects in their communities. Minnesota Zoo naturalists visited each school to deliver hands-on student workshops featuring live Zoo animal ambassadors to inspire students and equip them with the confidence, skills, and guidance required to begin designing local prairie conservation service projects. Projects included introducing fire to prairies, planting native flowers and grasses, protecting native pollinators, prairie land management, creating interpretive areas, protecting native mammals and birds, collecting seeds, and bee keeping. Schools were provided funds in order to procure conservation tools and supplies to implement their projects.
Students presented their projects at a final Wildlife Champions Expo event at the Minnesota Zoo and completed surveys regarding the impact the project had on their knowledge and attitudes towards prairies and conservation. Before beginning this project, 70% of students reported having no or very little knowledge of prairies and the conservation issues facing them. After completion, 86% of respondents reported having high levels of expertise and knowledge in this area. In addition, 76% of respondents reported that they thought that prairies were important and valuable to the Minnesota landscape, and 29% of reporting students said that they planned to work with prairies and prairie restoration in the future.PROJECT RESULTS USE AND DISSEMINATION
Student prairie conservation projects were featured at the Minnesota Zoo’s Wildlife Champions Expo event on May 17, 2017. Eighteen partner teachers and 368 partner high school students attended the event, presenting their work in a science-fair-like exhibition, and engaged with Zoo experts doing work in the field of prairie wildlife management.
Darlene St. Clair
PO Box 2
Morton, MN 56270
$197,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the commissioner of natural resources for an agreement with Dakota Wicohan to enhance the capacity of approximately 1,250 students to be stewards of the land in Minnesota by learning about Dakota Indian values and environmental principles through a standards-based experiential multimedia curriculum. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
International Wolf Center
7100 Northland Circle North, Suit 205
Minneapolis, MN 55428
|Phone:||(763) 560-7374 x223|
$240,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the commissioner of natural resources for an agreement with the International Wolf Center to expand the Wolves at Our Door classroom education program to assist students in understanding wolves and associated management issues.
This project was undertaken to provide engaging, unbiased programs about wolves to public school 2-12 grade classrooms, nature centers, state parks, public park summer programs, and state parks in Minnesota. International Wolf Center outreach specialists presented programs to help participants understand the complicated issues surrounding wolves and wolf management. Chasms divide people on all sides of the issues around wolves and wolf management- rural, urban and suburban communities; hunters and non-hunters, trappers and non-trappers, residents and non-residents of areas with wolf populations. Because of divided opinions and the repeated delisting and relisting of wolves from the Endangered Species List, this project was invaluable in educating the public.
Programs were presented to individual school classrooms and several other venues throughout the state. They covered wolf biology, predator/prey dynamics, role of wolves in healthy ecosystems, myths and opinions of wolves, wolf management and importance in wildland habitat. The PowerPoint based programs included engaging video clips and photos. Students were also able to learn from handling artifacts such as wolf, deer and moose bones and pelts.
Participants in 2-6 grades were surveyed pre-and post-program using clicker survey technology to collect data on the attitudes of participants as well as their knowledge of wolves and wolf issues. Survey data showed an increase in knowledge of wolf facts and understanding of issues between wolves and humans. In 7-12 grade, students wrote short essays on various topics covered in the program to demonstrate how the program expanded their knowledge of the facts about wolves and discuss how humans can coexist with wolves more effectively. Over the course of the grant 1,513 programs were given to 37,166 participants. This included 52 counties, 124 school districts, and 232 schools.PROJECT RESULTS USE AND DISSEMINATION
A copy of the primary PowerPoint is included with the final report. In addition, copies of the booklets participants were provided to take home after the program are included. In the last year, a short video was created to be shown to 7-12 grade classes to cover the wolf biology portions to be watched before of the program to allow more time during the program with limited class times at higher grade levels.
Information on the results of the project will be available on the International Wolf Center Website at www.wolf.org and will be presented at the upcoming International Wolf Symposium in October 2018.
2424 Territorial Rd Ste B
St. Paul, MN 55114
$116,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the commissioner of natural resources for an agreement with the Freshwater Society to train community volunteers as master water stewards who will work with neighborhoods to install water management projects that preserve and restore water quality. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
The Master Water Steward program quickly grew in size from its implementation in 2013 from 18 stewards to 340 at the beginning of 2019. A need also grew to expand the scope of the program as it reached the edges of the communities with urban water concerns (areas with curb and gutter). The program needed to address different issues and solutions for new areas of MN that had their own unique challenges. In addition, the program needed to be able to show the work of the many volunteers doing many different kinds of work, in a collaborative way.
The program needed a new “track” of the curriculum that taught rural stormwater runoff challenges and solutions for stewards that lived on the edge of or beyond the urban areas. Through this grant the program as able to implement that new track to the curriculum and offer it not just to new areas and people, but also offer it to certified stewards as additional learning.
The program also had a need for a collaborative approach to communicating the effectiveness of all of the Master Water Steward’s work. The result of this grant is that we now have a functioning way of connecting stewards through a web application where they can report projects, volunteer time, and tell their stories. The work of the stewards is now available and accessible to stakeholders and program partners.
The overall success of this grant project was that it gave a well-established metro area program a solid new footing and improved educational and participatory structures to reach volunteers and program partners in all parts of Minnesota without losing the connection to the communities we have already built and continue to grow.
The number of Minnesotan’s who will benefit from this work is unlimited. Each trained steward reaches hundreds of individuals through their work and keeps thousands of gallons of polluted stormwater from reaching our waterways each year. As we grow further, this will continue to be the case in each area we reach.PROJECT RESULTS USE AND DISSEMINATION
Dissemination of these project outcomes has already begun and continues to be shared with every new partner organization and steward volunteer. We’ve created a Program Guide meant to help our partner organizations and volunteers work together and help them do their work. We have created a Capstone Guide that will help guide each project of a steward. We have a high-functioning web application to keep track of projects and volunteer time to help tell the collective story of the Master Water Steward volunteers. And finally we have a curriculum that stewards who live inside of rural areas who can now take action for the health of their water and be included in the Master Water Steward community.
Minnesota State University - Southwest
1501 State St
Marshall, MN 56258
$39,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the commissioner of natural resources for an agreement with Southwest Minnesota State University to partner with area schools to deliver inquiry-based, hands-on learning and mentoring on water quality stewardship between university agriculture students and high school and middle school students.
In southwest Minnesota, over 80% of a typical watershed is used for agriculture which impacts stream water quality. Area citizens must be engaged in water quality efforts if progress is to be made in protecting local waterways. An ENRTF grant facilitated a partnership between Southwest Minnesota State University (SMSU), area public schools, and state agencies. SMSU agricultural undergraduates served as mentors to high school and middle school students while promoting stewardship of clean waters through river monitoring. Agricultural education undergraduates took a semester long course that taught water quality content and mentoring techniques. Students then traveled to public schools where they mentored 10th grade and 7th grade students in hands-on experience with test kits and meters. All students then traveled to the Redwood River to monitor ten parameters at three sites. A total of 644 students were involved in the project. Pre-post content quizzes showed significantly improved water conservation knowledge at all grade levels. A water conservation attitude scale indicated that after participating in the program, 100% of students at all grade levels agreed that water conservation is important. A civic engagement scale administered at the end of the semester indicated that students felt a responsibility to help conserve and improve water quality in their communities. Civic engagement and stewardship scale scores were also significantly higher for students at all three grade levels compared to control groups not involved in the project. Our results indicate that through these hands-on experiences, agricultural education students gained both content knowledge and a sense of civic responsibility and were able to successfully pass this information on to younger students. Educating agriculture students and engaging them in conservation and monitoring efforts will bridge the perceived conflict between agriculture production and water conservation efforts, while collecting useful water quality data for the state.PROJECT RESULTS USE AND DISSEMINATION
The project is described in detail on the SMSU website (https://www.smsu.edu/academics /programs/environmentalscience/redwood-river-monitoring-project.html) and includes information about the sampling sites, the parameters measured and acknowledgement of the funding sources. It also displays graphs of all the data from the beginning of the project in 2004 to present for each of the 10 parameters. One useful result of this project is the development of Civic Engagement and Stewardship scales that were used for evaluation of water conservation attitudes in the experimental group versus the controls (students not involved in the project). These are available for use with any future projects aiming to assess these values. Fall 2017, this project was highlighted on the DNR Website and in packets of information provided to the media as part of the Governor’s Pheasant Opener which was held in Marshall on Oct. 14, 2017. An article appeared in the local newspaper, the Marshall Independent at that time. Several professional presentations were produced - an extended abstract was published and a poster presentation was given at the 2017 North Central Regional Conference of the American Association for Agricultural Education (AAAE) on Sept. 21-23, 2017 in Ames, Iowa, and an hour-long interactive session was presented at the Minnesota Science Teachers’ Association Conference (MnCOSE) in St. Cloud, MN on November 10, 2017. In December of 2017 the SMSU alumni magazine, SMSU Focus, had a cover story about this project titled “Taking Water Testing to a Whole New Level”. Another extended abstract was published and another poster presentation was given at the 2018 American Association for Agricultural Education (AAAE) National Conference on May 14-18 in Charleston, South Carolina. A video was also created by Alex Peterson at Studio 1- Marshall Community Access TV from footage taken on Oct. 13, 2017 at the middle sampling site, near the 7th Street Bridge. The video is accessible through One Drive at https://1drv.ms/v/s!AnulpG6ag3kyiUUopAdfu1VpHxqZ.
Wildlife Science Center
5463 West Broadway Ave
Columbus, MN 55025
$500,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the commissioner of natural resources for an agreement with the Wildlife Science Center to provide environmental education programs using ambassador wild animals.
U of MN
1992 Folwell Ave
St Paul, MN 55108
$3,750,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the Board of Regents of the University of Minnesota for the Invasive Terrestrial Plants and Pests Center to conduct research to prevent, minimize, and mitigate the threats and impacts posed by terrestrial invasive plants, pathogens, and pests to the state's prairies, forests, wetlands, and agricultural resources. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2023, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
Santiago Romero-Vargas Castrillón
U of MN
Department of Civil, Environmental, and Geo- Engineering
500 Pillsbury Dr. SE
Minneapolis, MN 55455
$151,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the Board of Regents of the University of Minnesota to develop a filtration system utilizing bioactive membrane technologies for use in treating Lake Superior ballast water to remove at least 90 percent of suspended pathogens, invasive species, and contaminants. This appropriation is subject to Minnesota Statutes, section 116P.10. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
This project contributed novel membrane materials for water treatment, as well as new fundamental understanding of graphene oxide surface coatings that show potential in membranes for water purification. The materials explored in this work could find application in the treatment of surface water in Minnesota. An account of our work is provided in the Research Addendum that accompanies this workplan, as well as in our recent publication (Environ. Sci. Technol. Lett., 2018, 5 (1), pp 14–19). In summary, our work showed that graphene oxide coatings, covalently tethered to ultrafiltration membranes, inactivate bacteria and thus prevent membrane biofouling. Our work further showed that the nanoscale morphology of GO surface coatings affects membrane interfacial properties; we demonstrated that randomly oriented GO nanosheets are more desirable for membrane applications, since bacteria are less prone to adhere to disordered GO.PROJECT RESULTS USE AND DISSEMINATION
Additional outcomes of this project were promotion of Minnesota’s human capital through training of postdoctoral, graduate and undergraduate students (1 postdoc, 2 graduate and one undergraduate student were supported at various points of the project), a M. S. degree to be completed by one of the graduate students supported by the project (expected completion in early 2019), a conference presentation at the 2017 AEESP Research and Education Conference (presented by the postdoc supported by the project), a recent publication in Environmental Science & Technology Letters, a premier environmental engineering peer-reviewed journal, and a further manuscript currently under preparation.
In addition, the PM presented three oral presentations reporting the research funded by this project: a conference presentation at the ACS National Meeting in New Orleans on March 18th, 2018 (“Bacterial Adhesion on Surfaces Functionalized with Graphene Oxide: Insights from Single-Cell Force Spectroscopy”); and two invited seminars at the Department of Physics at Hamline University on April 6th, 2018 (“Computational and Experimental Studies of Aqueous Interfaces”) and at the Department of Chemical Engineering at University College London on May 9th, 2018 (“Understanding Microbial Adhesion to Aqueous Interfaces using Single-Cell Force Spectroscopy”).
U of MN - Duluth
1035 Kirby Dr, SSB 207
Duluth, MN 55812
$368,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the Board of Regents of the University of Minnesota to identify bacteria in ship ballast water and St. Louis River estuary sediments, assess the risks posed by invasive bacteria, and evaluate treatment techniques for effectiveness at removing the bacteria from ballast water. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
U of MN
312 Church St SE, 4-130 Nils Hasselmo Hall
Minneapolis, MN 55455
$452,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the Board of Regents of the University of Minnesota to continue research to identify, develop, and optimize biocontrol agents for white nose syndrome in bats by evaluating the biocontrol effectiveness of microbes collected at additional hibernacula throughout the state and conducting baseline characterization of the total bat microbiomes. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
Subd. 06e1 - $511,000 TF
Minnesota Department of Agriculture
625 Robert St N
St. Paul, MN 55155
Subd. 06e2 - $239,000 TF
U of MN
863 30th Avenue SE
Rochester, MN 55904
$750,000 the second year is from the trust fund. Of this amount, $511,000 is to the commissioner of agriculture and $239,000 is to the Board of Regents of the University of Minnesota to train volunteers and professionals to find, control, and monitor targeted newly emergent invasive plant species. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
U of MN
1991 Upper Buford Cir, 495 Borlaugh Hall
St. Paul, MN 55126
$200,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the Board of Regents of the University of Minnesota to continue to identify and evaluate native Minnesota elms that are resistant to Dutch elm disease and begin propagating disease-resistant specimens for field trial testing. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
Minneapolis Parks and Recreation Board
2117 River Rd W
Minneapolis, MN 55411
$189,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the commissioner of natural resources for an agreement with the Minneapolis Park and Recreation Board to apply current invasive carp management research to the entire Lake Nokomis subwatershed and provide demonstration guidance for large-scale carp management. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2020, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
Rural Renewable Energy Alliance
3963 8th Street SW
Backus, MN 56435
|Phone:||(218) 947-3779; (218) 209-5584|
$490,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the commissioner of natural resources for an agreement with Rural Renewable Energy Alliance to install a 200-kilowatt community solar garden to provide for electrical distribution in Cass, Beltrami, Hubbard, and Itasca Counties, to assist households in the Minnesota low-income housing energy assistance program in meeting electrical energy needs and serve as a model for low-income energy assistance elsewhere in the state. This appropriation is not subject to Minnesota Statutes, section 116P.10.
This project installed a community solar garden to provide for electrical distribution in Cass, Beltrami, Hubbard, and Itasca Counties, to assist households in the Leech Lake Band of Ojibwe low-income home energy assistance program in meeting electrical energy needs and serve as a model for low-income energy assistance elsewhere in the state. Beneficiaries are to be residents of the Leech Lake Band of Ojibwe Reservation.
Low-income households devote a significantly greater percentage of their income to home energy than the average household. Currently, energy assistance programs offer temporary relief but don’t provide a long-term solution to low-income energy poverty, and depend on imported fossil fuels. Utilizing Minnesota solar energy to meet this need is innovative and desirable in preserving Minnesota’s valuable natural resources.
This project responds to the growing natural resource impacts of using imported, fossil fuels to supply Minnesota’s low-income energy needs. The community solar system help increase the state’s annual renewable energy production, and offsetting an estimated 217 tons of carbon dioxide emissions. This project has reduced carbon emissions to help slow climate change, increasing utilization of local power generation, improve energy security and affordability, and create low-income access to renewable energy.
This project successfully installed 217.58kW of solar energy that is producing 281,420kWh annually, enough to completely power 27 Minnesota homes. The systems will serve low-income Leech Lake families for the next 30 years. This was celebrated as the first community solar installation on Tribal lands in the country, and is providing inspiration to individuals around the nation seeking to deploy solar energy for the benefit of low-income people.PROJECT RESULTS USE AND DISSEMINATION
As a central feature of the Rural Renewable Energy Alliance’s efforts to increase access to solar energy for low-income households as a means of permanently addressing energy poverty, the results of this project have been disseminated at the national level. Presentations specifically about this project have been given at the following national events: National Energy Utility Affordability Conference (NEUAC), Clean Energy States Alliance webinar (CESA), American Solar Energy Society – US Department of Energy – Solar in Your Community Challenge conference. The project has further been presented at the following regional events: Connecting Low Income Communities to Efficiency and Renewable Sources meeting, Clean Energy Resource Teams Conference, RE-AMP Network Conference, Northern New England Community Action Conference, Minnesota Department of Commerce presentations, Great Plains Institute presentations, and at two Midwest Renewable Energy Fair. Reports resulting from this project have been disseminated at all the above venues, as well as being available through our website https://www.rreal.org/cs4ca , and Facebook page https://www.facebook.com/pg/ruralrenewableenergyalliance/photos/?tab=album&album_id=10154750786849241
U of MN
111 Church St SE
Minneapolis, MN 55455
$400,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the Board of Regents of the University of Minnesota to develop thermoelectric energy generators using advanced, high-performance materials able to more efficiently capture waste heat and transform the heat into electricity. This appropriation is subject to Minnesota Statutes, section 116P.10. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
U of MN
111 Church St SE
Minneapolis, MN 55455
$250,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the Board of Regents of the University of Minnesota to develop a technical solution for converting wind-produced ammonia to hydrogen through catalytic decomposition, for use in reducing emissions from diesel engines and powering fuel cell vehicles. This appropriation is subject to Minnesota Statutes, section 116P.10. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
U of MN
46352 State Hwy 329
Morris, MN 56267
$475,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the Board of Regents of the University of Minnesota for the West Central Research and Outreach Center in Morris to develop and evaluate an integrated system that recycles and uses nutrients in dairy wastewater from feedlots and milk processing, thereby reducing nutrients from agricultural runoff, and to provide outreach on adoption of new technologies. This appropriation is subject to Minnesota Statutes, section 116P.10. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
U of MN - West Central Research and Outreach Center
46352 State Hwy 329
Morris, MN 56267
$475,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the Board of Regents of the University of Minnesota for the West Central Research and Outreach Center in Morris to continue to develop and evaluate the utilization of solar photovoltaic systems at swine facilities to improve energy and economic performance, reduce fossil fuel usage and emissions, and optimize water usage. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
U of MN
1980 Folwell Ave, 219 Hodson Hall
St. Paul, MN 55108
$387,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the Board of Regents of the University of Minnesota to continue assessment of the potential to supplement traditional turf grass by providing critical floral plant resources to enhance bee pollinator habitat. Plant materials and seeds must follow the Board of Water and Soil Resources' native vegetation establishment and enhancement guidelines. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
U of MN
1987 Upper Buford Cir, 100 Ecology Bldg
St. Paul, MN 55108
$556,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the Board of Regents of the University of Minnesota to determine habitat connectivity between prairie fragments by measuring plant movement by dispersal of pollen and seeds to improve prairie restoration implementation. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
Science Museum of Minnesota
16910 152nd St N
Marine on St. Croix, MN 55047
|Phone:||(651) 433-5953 x18|
$179,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the Science Museum of Minnesota for the St. Croix Watershed Research Station to research the viability of establishing prairie forbs and alfalfa as permanent cover strips in the bare soil between selected rows of corn and soybeans as potential pollinator, monarch, and gamebird habitat. Monitoring of the native plant strips must evaluate the effects of pesticides from adjacent crops on pollinators, including determining whether there is a reduction of pollinators that results in reduced setting of seeds on the native plants. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
This project successfully demonstrated three objectives: 1) that perennial vegetation can be established and maintained between rows of corn/soy within a field—without taking land out of production; 2) that the perennial vegetation in the inter-row plantings provides habitat value, and 3) that the plantings can be done in a manner that induces a minimal yield loss to the adjacent corn/soy rows. While establishment of many prairie species in the inter-row strips failed, several did not and are thriving after three years. We have demonstrated that species such as golden alexanders, bottlebrush grass and milkweeds can be established and maintained in a conventional corn/soy rotation. These strips of perennial forbs and grasses were documented to have provided habitat to pollinators and appear to be very good reproduction habitat for monarch butterflies. Perennial strips did induce a 5 to 20 bushel per acre yield loss, but since only 1 out of 24 inter-row strips were planted with perennials, we estimate that the total cost in lost yield for the whole field (80 acres) due the perennial strips is less than $200. Going forward, we think it is possible to plant and maintain just the outside row of a field with a mix of golden alexander, milkweeds, and woodland brome. This mix would provide some early season pollinator habitat and a significant amount of summer Monarch reproduction habitat. And, since only the outside row of a field would be impacted, the total annual cost in lost yield and maintenance of the strip should be under 40 dollars per 80 acres. If implemented on a widespread scale, this could offer a very cost-effective way to provide significant benefit to Monarch populations.PROJECT RESULTS USE AND DISSEMINATION
Results of this project were presented at two farm-day tours as part of the semi-annual Agroecology summit hosted at Willow Lake farm. Combined, there were over 150 participants in the two Agroecology summits with nearly all of these participants given a first-hand tour of the inter-row perennial vegetation strips implemented during this project. Participants included many local farmers testing cover cropping techniques to improve soil health, as well as agency and advocacy professionals and practitioners working to implement perennial cover as habitat or new cropping systems. In addition to the on-site demonstration of the strips, the field days featured presentations and panel discussion by U of MN faculty, Science Museum scientists, MN-DNR biologists, BWSR planners, environmental advocacy groups and local farmers. Both Agroecology summits presented new concepts/methods about existing and emerging cropping systems that incorporate perennial vegetation (including results from the perennial inter-row system of this project); and policies and technology that could be used to stimulate perennial cropping systems. In-depth presentations were given on why perennial systems are needed, how they are critical to improving water quality and wildlife habitat, what future perennial systems could look like, and how manipulating food and energy markets could be a cost-effective method to getting perennial crops/vegetation adopted. The strips project, with its embedded objectives of habitat and water quality, while maintaining ag-profitability, provided a good backdrop to start the conversation about how we are going to modify cropping systems to more cost-effectively meet our natural resources goals.
U of MN
1530 Cleveland Ave N
St. Paul, MN 55108
$267,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the Board of Regents of the University of Minnesota to compare the effects on brushland habitat of conducting prescribed burning in spring, summer, and fall to provide improved management guidelines for wildlife habitat. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2020, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
Minnesota State Office of National Audubon Society
2000 Main W
Red Wing, MN 55066
$218,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the commissioner of natural resources for an agreement with the Minnesota state office of the National Audubon Society to determine the most effective regeneration methods for restoration of floodplain forests in southeast Minnesota impacted by invasive reed canary grass. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
Crow Wing SWCD
322 Laurel St, Ste 13
Brainerd, MN 56401
$300,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the commissioner of natural resources for an agreement with the Crow Wing Soil and Water Conservation District to pilot a water protection approach for the watershed through development of forest stewardship plans and targeted riparian forest restoration projects. Any expenditures from this appropriation spent on forest management plans or restoration must be for lands with a long-term contract commitment for forest conservation, and the restoration must follow the Board of Water and Soil Resources' native vegetation establishment and enhancement guidelines. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
Great River Greening
35 Water St W, Ste 201
St. Paul, MN 55107
$509,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the commissioner of natural resources for an agreement with Great River Greening to restore approximately 150 acres of forest, prairie, woodland, and wetland and 0.15 miles of shoreline throughout the greater Twin Cities metropolitan area, using volunteers, and to conduct restoration evaluation on previously restored parcels. A list of proposed restorations and evaluations must be provided as part of the required work plan. Plant and seed materials must follow the Board of Water and Soil Resources' native vegetation establishment and enhancement guidelines. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
Winona State University
175 Mark St W
Winona, MN 55987
$99,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the Board of Trustees of the Minnesota State Colleges and Universities system for Winona State University to inventory, restore, and monitor the 40-acre Garvin Heights Natural Area in Winona and provide related public outreach and education. Plant and seed materials must follow the Board of Water and Soil Resources' native vegetation establishment and enhancement guidelines. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
A 40-acre bluffland park in Winona, MN, containing rare dry bluff prairies and bur oak savannahs adjacent to a heavily visited (40,000+ visitors annually) overlook, became overrun with invasive buckthorn and honeysuckle. This project planned to restore the native plant community by 1) surveying the existing plant community, 2) removing invasive plants, 3) planting and seeding native plants, 4) conducting workshops on invasive plant management for the public, and 5) surveying the recovering plant community. Pre-restoration plant surveys indicated low numbers of native plant species. Cutting, treating, and burning by the MN Conservation Corps and browsing by goats (five separate periods over 3 years) were used to help reduce and manage the invasive plants. Native plants were planted and seeded to restore the natural community. During restoration, two public workshops were held to educate area citizens on methods for managing invasive plants on their own lands and restoring native plant communities. Recent plant surveys have documented the presence of 181 species at the site to date, with 127 of those not present before restoration. A large, reproducing population (>600 plants) of a state threatened species, Great Indian Plantain, has developed after buckthorn removal from one area of a savannah. A Winona State University (WSU) graduate student completed a thesis focused on the restoration effort and the workshops, developing a basic management plan for the site moving forward. Restoration efforts will continue, with ongoing management of buckthorn emerging from the seedbank and the germination and spread of newly planted native species. WSU has funded a new graduate assistantship (tuition plus stipend) to continue the restoration and monitoring work at the site. This project, along with new educational signage for the site, will demonstrate to the public the methods and benefits of managing invasive plants on natural habitats.PROJECT RESULTS USE AND DISSEMINATION
City of Champlin
11955 Champlin Dr
Champlin, MN 55316
$2,000,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the commissioner of natural resources for an agreement with the city of Champlin to restore the Champlin Mill Pond shoreline and adjacent habitat. Plant and seed materials must follow the Board of Water and Soil Resources' native vegetation establishment and enhancement guidelines. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
395 John Ireland Blvd
St. Paul, MN 55155
$2,200,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the commissioner of transportation to restore and enhance wildlife habitat along trunk highways, including: marked Interstate Highway 35, one north and one south of the metropolitan area; marked Interstate Highway 90; and two locations along marked Interstate Highway 94. Of this amount, up to $25,000 may be used to monitor and study the effects of different levels of native plant diversity on roadside pollinators and the timing of mowing on pollinator abundance and diversity. The commissioner must submit a report to the chairs and ranking minority members of the house of representatives and senate committees and divisions with jurisdiction over transportation and environment and natural resources by January 15, 2017, and submit or present to the chairs a follow-up status report by January 15, 2020. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2022, and must include a five-year restoration process. This appropriation is not subject to Minnesota Statutes, sections 116P.05, subdivision 2, paragraph (b), and 116P.09, subdivision 4.
500 Lafayette Rd, Box 25
St. Paul, MN 55155-4025
$1,386,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the commissioner of natural resources to restore and improve approximately 750 acres of scientific and natural areas. A list of proposed restorations must be provided as part of the required work plan. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
Through this appropriation, habitat restoration and enhancement activities took place across the state on Scientific and Natural Areas (SNAs) to sustain the unique plant communities and the endangered, threatened, and rare species housed within these SNAs. Activities included 50.2 acres of habitat restoration (see restoration evaluations included with final report), 539 acres of invasive species control, 460 acres of woody control, 523 acres of prescribed burning, site development work at 22 SNAs, development of 7 interpretive signs, the completion of 12 Adaptive management Plans, ecological monitoring at 54 SNAs and partnership project activities at 6 SNAs. Partnership Projects coordinated through this appropriation led to multiple invasive control, woody control, prescribed burning and prairie restoration activities being completed.
Knowledge gained through ecological monitoring efforts will enable managers to improve management of SNA’s unique plant communities and the Species in Greatest Conservation Need, state special concern and state/federally threatened and endangered species that call these habitats home. As best management practices are evaluated and improved through these efforts, SNA will be able to disseminate this knowledge to other landowners and land managers.PROJECT RESULTS USE AND DISSEMINATION
Seven new interpretive signs were developed and installed at SNAs to communicate the significance of protecting these unique habitats and the role that restoration and enhancement play in sustaining or improving habitat quality. Several management activities completed through this appropriation have been highlighted on the SNA Facebook page and in the SNA program e-newsletter.
500 Lafayette Rd, Box 25
St. Paul, MN 55155
$500,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the commissioner of natural resources in cooperation with the Duluth Airport Authority to acquire approximately ten acres as an addition to the designated Minnesota Point Pine Forest Scientific and Natural Area located along the shores of Lake Superior in Duluth.
Saint Johns Arboretum and University
PO Box 3000
Collegeville, MN 56321
$1,300,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the commissioner of natural resources for an agreement with Saint John's University in cooperation with Minnesota Land Trust to secure permanent conservation easements on approximately 500 acres of high-quality habitat in Stearns County, prepare conservation management plans, and provide public outreach. A list of proposed easement acquisitions must be provided as part of the required work plan. An entity that acquires a conservation easement with appropriations from the trust fund must have a long-term stewardship plan for the easement and a fund established for monitoring and enforcing the agreement. Funding for the long-term monitoring and enforcement fund must come from nonstate sources for easements acquired with this appropriation. The state may enforce requirements in the conservation easements on land acquired with this appropriation and the conservation easement document must state this authority and explicitly include requirements for water quality and quantity protection. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
Lincoln Pipestone Rural Water System
415 Benton E
Lake Benton, MN 56149
$1,500,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the commissioner of natural resources for an agreement with Lincoln Pipestone Rural Water to acquire and restore lands designated under an approved wellhead protection plan. Lands acquired with this appropriation must be from willing sellers and be identified by the Department of Health as targeted vulnerable lands for wellhead protection. Lands must be restored to permanent vegetative cover, but may be used for recreation and renewable energy if adequate protection of the drinking water aquifer is provided. A list of proposed acquisitions must be provided as part of the required work plan. Plant and seed materials must follow the Board of Water and Soil Resources' native vegetation establishment and enhancement guidelines. Income derived from the lands acquired with funds appropriated under this paragraph is exempt from Minnesota Statutes, section 116P.10, if used for additional wellhead protection as provided under this paragraph until adequate wellhead protection has been achieved, as determined by the commissioner of health. Any income earned after that must be returned to the environment and natural resources trust fund. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
St. Louis & Lake Counties Regional Railroad Authority
111 Station Rd
Eveleth, MN 55734
$1,200,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the commissioner of natural resources for an agreement with the St. Louis and Lake Counties Regional Railroad Authority for engineering and construction of segments of the Mesabi Trail, totaling approximately six miles between Highway 135 and the town of Embarrass. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
City of Tower
PO Box 576
Tower, MN 55790
$679,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the commissioner of natural resources for an agreement with the city of Tower to construct recreational trails along the harbor in Tower and to connect to the Mesabi Trail. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
City of Fergus Falls
112 Washington Ave W
Fergus Falls, MN 56537
$600,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the commissioner of natural resources for an agreement with the city of Fergus Falls to acquire approximately 16 acres along the Otter Tail River for a recreational trail and park. This appropriation is contingent on at least a $400,000 match of nonstate money. Prior to the acquisition, a phase 1 environmental assessment must be completed and the city must not accept any liability for previous contamination of lands acquired with this appropriation.
500 Lafayette Rd
St. Paul, MN 55155
$1,228,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the commissioner of natural resources for enhancement of state parks and trails as follows: $614,000 is for enhancement of state parks and $614,000 is for enhancement of state trails. This appropriation is not subject to Minnesota Statutes, sections 116P.05, subdivision 2, paragraph (b), and 116P.09, subdivision 4.
305 8th Ave W
Alexandria, MN 56308
$400,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the commissioner of natural resources for an agreement with Douglas County for park and trail planning, development, or acquisition for a regional park. The grant must be matched by other state or nonstate sources. This appropriation is available until June 30, 2019, by which time the project must be completed and final products delivered.
500 Lafayette Rd
St. Paul, MN 55155
$135,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the commissioner of natural resources, at the direction of the Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources, for expenses incurred for contract agreement reimbursement for the agreements specified in this section. The commissioner shall provide documentation to the Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources on the expenditure of
This appropriation was used to support the ENRTF contract management program, which ensured that ENRTF grantees expended grant funds in compliance with state law, session law, approved work plans, and Office of Grants Management grants policies.
The DNR Grants Unit managed 67 grants active in FY 2017. In FY 2018, the Grants Unit managed 71 active grants.
Between 7/1/2016 when the services began and 06/30/2018 when they ended, the DNR Grants Unit:
PROJECT RESULTS USE AND DISSEMINATION
Project personnel were in frequent contact with appropriation recipients and LCCMR staff. Information was disseminated through manuals, training sessions, orientations, meetings, memos, letters, emails, newsletter, and phone.
Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources
100 Rev Dr Martin Luther King Jr Blvd, Rm 65
St. Paul, MN 55155
$75,000 the second year is from the trust fund to the Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources for upgrading and modernizing a project records management system.